言語:
〜2001年

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言語と意味と脳


言語と意味と脳
2001/11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 12  Brain reflections of words and their meaning
2001/11 Mind and Language Volume 16: Issue 2  Reasons, Robots and the Extended Mind
言語は思考を支配するか
2001/10 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 10  Language shapes thought
2001/08 Cognitive Psychology Vol. 43, No. 1
 Does Language Shape Thought?: Mandarin and English Speakers' Conceptions of Time

文化多様性の消失


「世界言語の半数以上が消滅の危機」 米研究団体
2001/06 cnn.co.jp
2001/06 Yahoo! News Many World Languages Face Extinction
国連が言語多様性減少に警告  何千もの土着言語・文化が失われつつある
2001/02 BBC NEWS ONLINE  UN warns over indigenous tongues

言語解析


吟遊詩人をデコードしてみました  文中の配置で語の種類がわかります 英語の構造解析
2001/09 Nature News Service Physicists decode the Bard
言語学の終焉 言語は成長する生き物ではない
2001/07 The Vocabula Review Vol. 3, No. 7  The End of Linguistics
動詞の活用形
2001/06 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5-7  Mapping dissociations in verb morphology
文法を学んでいく人工知能
2001/03 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 4  Probing Mus silicium
ドイツ語の非規則的複数形表現からみる文法の認知処理
2001/03 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 4  Morphological tensions
トーキングドラムや指笛言葉ってどうなっているの?
1999/12 New Scientist  Perfect pitch /  D. R. LADD

バイリンガル・マルチリンガル 外語習得


複数国語の処理
2001/11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 12  Acquiring languages ? two for the price of one?
数学は最初に算数をならった言葉で計算します@多国語を使う人たち
2001/10 EurekAlert! Mental math dependant on language
2001/10 Texas A and M University  Bilinguals' Language For Mental Math Not Necessarily Native Tongue
語学修得の早道は?  外国語は少しずつかじるのが正解かもしれない
2001/03   ネイチャーバイオニュース
2001/01 Cognition Volume 78, Issue 1 Language and number: a bilingual training study
バイリンガルのブレインマッピング
2000/10 uclanews.ucla.edu  Alan Eyerly  UCLA Scientists Gain Insights Into How a Bilingual Person Processes Language by Using Novel Brain-Mapping Technique
思い出はその地の言語と結びついている
 ロシアの思い出はロシア語を話しているときに浮かんでくる  バイリンガルの人の記憶
2000/11  MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY  Remembering in tongues

言語と成長


赤ちゃんのバブバブは脳の言語野作成中のサイン?  口の右側が良く動く=左脳の活動
2001/11 inScight Babble On, Babycakes
2001/09 BBC News Children 'slow' at learning English
2001/07 EurekAlert!
 How babies acquire building blocks of speech affects later reading and language ability
赤ちゃんと「会話」できずな 欧米から育児法
 ベビーサイン 身ぶりで充実、親子の時間  ベビートーク 1日30分、語りかけよう
2001/07   asahi.com : 生活 : 出産・子育て
2001/05 Child Development Volume 72: Issue 3, 768 - 786
 Learning Proper and Common Names in Inferential versus Ostensive Contexts
2001/05 Child Development Volume 72: Issue 3, 787 - 802
 Learning Proper Nouns and Common Nouns without Clues from Syntax
赤ちゃんの言語的認知的能力  言葉が分類の道具になるのはいつから?
2001/04 Cognition, Vol. 80 (3)
 Linguistic and cognitive abilities in infancy: when does language become a tool for categorization?
自然に絶対音感を持って産まれる赤ちゃんと言語習得
2001/03 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 4  Perfect pitch
2001/02 Current Directions in Psychological Science Volume 9: Issue 6
 Gesture Reflects Language Development: Evidence From BilingualChildren
乳幼児が「構文」を識別する様子
2001/02 unisci.com  Babies Rely On Patterns When They Learn Language
父親語、母親語  赤ちゃんへの本能的な語りかけ方が乳児の言語習得を助ける
2001/02  eurekalert.org  Parents' instinctive use of isolated words may help babies learn language





手話関係 ボディランゲージ


2001/12 Nature Neuroscience Volume 5 Number 1 pp 76 - 80
 A critical period for right hemisphere recruitment in American Sign Language processing
聴覚障害家庭に産まれた健聴乳幼児の手話バブリング
2001/11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 12  Hand-waving insight into infant language
みんなで手話習った方がいいんじゃない?  手話は健聴児の言語能力も豊かにします
2001/11 EurekAlert!  Sign language enriches learning for hearing children
手話でバブバブ  聴覚障害一家に産まれた健常赤ちゃん、手でサイン
2001/09 Ananova Babies' hands move to the rhythm of language
2001/09 EurekAlert!  Babies' hands move to the rhythm of language
2001/09 The Nando Times  Baby talk more than babble, researchers say
2001/07 Psychological Science Volume 12: Issue 4 323 - 328
 Children Creating Language: How Nicaraguan Sign Language Acquired a Spatial Grammar
言語と手話と脳機能
2001/07 BioMedNet News  Brain scans reveal the basis of language
手話をつかさどる脳部位を検証(聾唖者)  音声言語と似た脳領野が活動する
2000/12  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 97, Issue 25, 13961-13966
 Speech-like cerebral activity in profoundly deaf people processing signed languages: Implications for the neural basis of human language
2000/12  TIMES OF INDIA  Brain processes sign language as speech
自然発生手話と脳スキャンから左脳言語野の機能を探る
2001/02 Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2, 76 (2001)  LANGUAGE The hands that hold the keys
手話と言語野/その手が鍵を握っている
2001/01 Nature Reviews Focus The hands that hold the keys
身体は口よりものを言う  授受される情報の半分以上は身ぶりから
2000/06  unisci.com  Body Language Means More Than Words

点字関係


先天的視覚障害者は後天性視覚障害者とは異なる脳部位で点字を読解する
2001/12 Vanderbilt University  Differences in brain usage among Braille readers shed new light on the relationship between thought and language
2001/12 NATIONAL POST  Brain's sight centre lets the blind 'see' Braille  But formerly sighted people less adept

失読症 難読症


失読症
2001/11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 12
 Impaired processing of rapid stimulus sequences in dyslexia
難読症や言語障害の原因、男女で異なるかも
 低体重で産まれた場合、女子で難読症が高率
 教育は女子は母から、男子は父からの影響が大
2001/11 Reuters Health Roots of reading problems may differ by sex
難読傾向のある子は脳側頭葉の活動が左右で同じっぽい
 親にかまってもらえない子も難読傾向に
2001/07 Center for the Advancement of Health
 Poor Reading Skills Have Both Physical, Environmental Causes
文法、失語症、発達
2001/06 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5-7  Mind over grammar: reasoning in aphasia and development
損傷を受けた言語野の快復を脳スキャンで観察
2000/12  eurekalert.org  Researchers image language recovery after stroke
CRIME TIMES: Vol. 6, No. 4, 2000 Page 3&6
  Dyslexia, behavior problems: a fatty acid link?

言語機能と遺伝子


言語/失読症に関与する遺伝子
2001/10 SMH.com.au Talk about a dream gene
2001/10 Science News, Vol. 160, No. 14, p. 213 Gene change speaks to language malady
2001/11 Boston Globe Instinctive speech diminishes us not
2001/11 National Geographic  Study Offers New Insight Into Why Learning Disorders Are Genetic
言語機能に関与する遺伝子を特定 「FOXP2」 ヒトの言語本能のモト?
2001/10 BBC News Scientists unlock mysteries of speech
2001/10 Ananova Speech scientists make gene breakthrough
2001/10 The Times  Speech gene discovery proves Darwin's instinct was right
2001/10 Guardian Team pinpoints first gene key to language
2001/10 New York Times Scientists Report Finding a Gene for Speech
2001/10 NewsMax.com First Language Gene Identified
2001/10 Wired First Language Gene Found
2001/10 CNEWS Researchers find gene linked to speech disorders
2001/10 washingtonpost.com A Language Gene Is Identified
2001/10 Telegraph First gene of language and speech discovered
2001/10 The Age Language gene isolated
2001/10 MSNBC First language gene identified
2001/10 FOXNews.com  Researchers Find First Gene Linked to Language and Speech Disorders
2001/10 CNN.com Gene found linking language and speech
2001/10 Nature News Service Language gene found
2001/10 Science Volume 294, Number 5540, pp. 86-87.  Evolving Genomic Metaphors: A New Look at the Language of DNA
2001/10 BioMedNet News  Cognitive science reaps its first fruits of genome project
2001/10 New York Times Speech, Language, Genes and the Brain
重度の言語障害の一種では、フォークヘッドドメインをもつある遺伝子が変異している
2001/10 Nature 413: 6855 Page 519  A forkhead-domain gene is mutated in a severe speech and language disorder
言語学:遺伝学の話とその逆 スティーヴン・ピンカー
2001/10 Nature 413: 6855 Page 465  Talk of genetics and vice versa  Steven Pinker
2001/10 Nature 413, 519 - 523  A forkhead-domain gene is mutated in a severe speech and language disorder
2001/10 NATURE REVIEWS | NEUROSCIENCE  A NEUROCOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE ON LANGUAGE: THE DECLARATIVE/PROCEDURAL MODE
言語機能の遺伝子
2000/10  THE INDEPENDENT  On the origin of speeches (Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza)

脳機能と言語処理・言語認知


2001/12 Nature Neuroscience Volume 5 Number 1 pp 64 - 71
 Anatomic subdivisions in human temporal cortical neuronal activity related to recent verbal memory
2001/12 Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2001, 11:6:696-700
 Motor mechanisms in speech ontogeny: phylogenetic, neurobiological and linguistic implications
2001/11 EurekAlert! Where do spoken words come from?
 How speakers select appropriate words and prepare them for articulation.
2001/08 Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2001, 5:9  Language and perceptual categorisation
同じ言葉でも、会話と文書は別経路で処理される
2001/08 EurekAlert!  The medium and the message: Eyes and ears understand differently, Carnegie Mellon scientists report in the journal Human Brain Mapping
どもりはストレスやあせりのせいではありません  あなたの脳がどもらせます
 吃音者は脳の形が異なり側頭葉水平面が大きい傾向
2001/07 BBC News Stammerers have different brains
2001/07 American Academy of Neurology  Study Ties Stuttering to Anatomical Differences in the Brain
2001/07 EurekAlert!  Study ties stuttering to anatomical differences in the brain
2001/07 Brain, Vol. 124, No. 8, 1619-1634
 The neural representation of nouns and verbs: PET studies
2001/07 Brain, Vol. 124, No. 8, 1657-1665
 Behavioural relevance of atypical language lateralization in healthy subjects
手術中の癌患者との会話で探る脳の言語機能
2000/01  LA TIMES A Scalpel, a Life and Language
 The brain's sites for nouns, verbs and concepts emerge as a cancer patient answers questions during surgery.

言語野と脳機能局在


利き手の進化と言語野
2001/11 Trends in Cognitive Sciences Vol. 5, No. 12  Word acquisition reflects lateralization of hand skill
脳の左右半球、機能差が大きい方が言語能力が高め
2001/11 Yahoo! News Brain 'Asymmetry' Works for Reading Skills

言語能力の性差


言語能力の性差
2001/10 EurekAlert!  Gender and differing rates of brain activity influence the level of reading and language skills for boys and girls

言語の進化経緯・進化研究


霊長類の脳に言語野の源を見た  チンパンジー、ボノボ、ゴリラ
2001/11 BBC News Ape brains show linguistic promise
2001/11 Nature 414, 505  Asymmetric Broca's area in great apes
農耕-言語分散仮説を検証する
2001/11 Science Volume 294, Number 5544  Spreading the Word, Scattering the Seeds
言語の成り立ちと変遷  ”バベルの塔の力”John H. McWhorterインタビュー
2001/10 New York Times How Language Came to Be, and Change
先祖の言葉はコイサン語系?  人類の初期言語はクリック音を持っていたかも
2001/10 Ananova 'First language may have used clicks'
2001/10 inScight Ancient Roots for an African Language?
2001/10 American Society for Human Genetics 2001  Genetics decodes language ancestry
ヒトと他の霊長類では言語回路が異なります
2001/09 EurekAlert!
 Brain circuitry involved in language reveals differences in man, non-human primates
2001/09 Medical College of Georgia
 Brain Circuitry Involved in Language Reveals Differences in Man, Non-Human Primates
ヒト言語はオスどうしの威嚇行動から生まれた?
 ヒトみたいに声帯が奥の方にある鹿をもとにした考察
2001/08 New Scientist  Intimidation tactics may have led to speech
2001/08 The Royal Society  Big talkers: Human vocal anatomy is not unique after all
2001/08 The Royal Society  The descended larynx is not uniquely human
2001/08 BioMedNet News  Linguists and evolutionists need to talk about linguistic evolution
ヒト言語の進化
2001/08 Trends in Ecology and Evolution Vol. 16, No. 9  Language's place in nature
2001/08 Santa Fe Institute Language Evolution
言語進化
2001/06 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5-7  Towards an evolutionary theory of language
2001/06 Trends in Genetics 17-7  Evolution, language and analogy in functional genomics
2001/04 infres.enst.fr The Evolution of Language
 A non-modular suggestion about the origin of symbols
2001/03 Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Vol.7 No.1 Pg.37
 RANK AND RELATIONSHIPS IN THE EVOLUTION OF SPOKEN LANGUAGE.
普遍文法の進化について
2001/01  Science Volume 291, Number 5501, pp. 114-118  Evolution of Universal Grammar
40万年前の祖先はおしゃべりができていたかもしれない
2000/11  Newsday  DISTANT HUMAN ANCESTOR MAY HAVE SPOKEN
2000/04  Marc Verhaegen and Stephan Munro
 The origin of phonetic abilities: A study of the comparative data with reference to the aquatic theory
言語の進化 統語的な言語は複雑な環境から生まれた
2000/04   ネイチャーバイオニュース
赤ちゃんのバブバブは祖先の言葉
2000/04  ABC NEWS  From the Mouths of Babes
  First Babblings May Give Clue to the Origins of Language
2000/04 Science Volume 288, Number 5465, pp. 449 - 451
 LANGUAGE:Movement Patterns in Spoken Language
2000/04 Science Volume 288, Number 5465, pp. 527 - 531
 On the Origin of Internal Structure of Word Forms
2000/04 GLOBE AND MAIL  Linguistic past could be rooted in baby talk
  Earliest forms of language may have come from infants' babble
2000/03  NATURE SCIENCE UPDATE  evolution : Speaking in syntactical tongues
言語は男から?
2000/03 THE OBSERVER Gene glitch made man speak first
2000/03 THE OBSERVER First-class male
1998 Mario Vaneechoutte   The memetic origin of language: modern humans as musical primates

動物と言葉


鳥の言葉、人の言葉
2000/08  THE SUNDAY TIMES
 Did humans and certain birds learn to sing from the same mental hymn-sheet?
2000/04  Science  Volume 288, Number 5464, pp. 349 - 351
  Language Discrimination by Human Newborns and by Cotton-Top Tamarin Monkeys

ほか


2001/11 APS Observer Sam Glucksberg, Speaking Figuratively
ホロコースト生還者の証言ビデオを音声認識技術で検索
2001/10   ワイアードジャパン
2001/10 The Nando Times  Bridging the language gap between people-speak, computer-hearing
2001/10 News24 Brains not necessarily in the genes
2001/10 Yahoo! News Targeted Mental Training Helps Kids
2001/08 Guardian  Fortuitous feedback identifies language bores
2001/06 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5-7  Defending nativism in language acquisition
2001/02 Cognition Volume 78, Issue 3
 On the insufficiency of evidence for a domain-general account of word learning
クイーンズイングリッシュの退位  英国王室の英語の発音に変化の兆し
2000/12   ネイチャーバイオニュース
W. V. Quine 訃報
2000/12  NEW YORK TIMES  W. V. Quine, Philosopher Who Analyzed Language and Reality, Dies at 92
構造言語学者訃報
2000/11  THE BOSTON GLOBE  Charles Hockett, champion of structural linguistics, dead at 84
スティーブン・ピンカー
1997/10  National Public Radio
 Steven Pinker: A conversation about evolutionary psychology and why our minds work the way they do.
1999/01  LIVING LINKS  ORIGINS シンポジウム  Video emory.edu

 以上、 →〜2001年の記事でした


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