性格/性向/感情/幸福感:
2002年

ほか「性格/性向/感情/幸福感」の年月別目次

記事庫の新着・更新情報 
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感情って何?


2002/12 BioMedNet News FEEDBACK - The brain's social guardian
 Science has not solved the question 'What is emotion?'
2002/12 The Philosophers' Magazine Emotions

感情の進化心理学


古来の機能が寿命を縮める ケンカっ早さと心臓病
 攻撃性などのテンションの高さ、古代の環境ではサバイバルに有利だったかもしれないが…
2002/05 New York Times Ancient Tool of Survival Is Deadly for the Heart

幸福感


幸福に生まれついた人たち 感情高揚性気質
2002/12 New York Times
 Born to Be Happy, Through a Twist of Human Hard Wire
幸福は裕福さではなく人間関係がもたらすもの
2002/12 USA TODAY  Psychologists now know what makes people happy
  It's not great riches, but friends and forgiveness
人間の幸福とは何か 進化心理学、行動遺伝
 S.ピンカー/R.ライト/M.Seligmanの三者書簡
2002/10 MSN slate Debating Human Happiness
2002/10 New Scientist Marriage makes both sexes happy
2002/10 Discovery Feminists Got it Wrong About Marriage
閉経後のほうが女性は幸せよ
2002/05 BBC News Women 'happier' after menopause
2002/05 Guardian Post-menopause women 'happier'
幸福の神経化学
2002/04 Guardian The chemistry of happiness
幸せな人が幸せなのはなぜ
2002/01 New York Times Exploring Life at the Top of the Happiness Scale
幸福のお値段、ちょっとしたものは1000ポンド
 人生を幸福にしてくれるのは100万ポンド
2002/01 BBC News Money 'can buy you happiness'
2002/01 Telegraph The price of happiness

楽天的だと人生上向き


2002/11 New York Times
 Power of Positive Thinking Extends, It Seems, to Aging
2002/09 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 18
 To Live Longer, Accentuate The Positive
2002/09 EurekAlert!
 Young children's optimism places new skills within reach
 Optimism may empower people to change their behaviors for the better, but the belief that the future brings the possibility of positive change diminishes greatly as we get older
2002/08 Mayo Clinic  Mayo Clinic Study Finds Optimists Report a Higher Quality of Life Than Pessimists
2002/05 EurekAlert! Optimistic outlook may benefit lungs
2002/03 Ananova  Positive thinking may be key to effective cancer cure

お笑いと健康 ジョーク


2002/12 Ananova
 CD of laughing Austrian celebrities being used to treat depression
ジョークに反応する脳 ギャグ漫画に反応する脳
2002/11 Science News, Vol. 162, No. 20, Nov. 16, 2002, p. 308.
 The Brain's Funny Bone: Seinfeld, The Simpsons spark same nerve circuits
笑う角には健康が来る  笑いを期待するだけでも免疫力アップ
2002/11 CNN Laughter anticipation good medicine, too
2002/11 MSNBC Looking for a laugh eases stress
 Study finds anticipating a funny event boosts immune system
万人にウケるジョークはこれ
2002/10 New Scientist World's funniest joke revealed
「世界で最もおもしろいジョーク」のオンライン調査結果発表
2002/10 ワイアードジャパン
何がお笑いをお笑いたらしめているのか ジョークの因子分析
2002/05 Ananova Joke study to get under way
笑いの研究者 Silvia Cardoso インタビュー
2002/05 New Scientist It's no laughing matter
笑いの科学
2002/04 DISCOVER Vol. 23 No. 5
 The Biology of ... Humor The Laughter Circuit
笑いの科学
2002/03 Telegraph Laughter? It's a funny business

気分と健康


「死ぬほど怖い」  日系人は4のつく日に死にやすい? 感情と死亡率
2002/12 BMJ 2002;325:1442-1443 Scared to death?
2002/11 Health Behavior News Service
 DEPLETION OF BODY CHEMICAL CAN CAUSE MEMORY, MOOD CHANGES
2002/08 Globe and Mail Fat people not more jolly, study finds
2002/05 EurekAlert!
 Get out of that funk - Persistent bad mood leads to poor health
体の具合が左右するあなたの気分
2002/03 The Seattle Times
 Body blues: Sometimes feeling down isn't in the mind, but in the body

食事と気分


2002/01 EurekAlert! Food, mood and behaviour

性向の形成 性向の変化


「変人」と「人格障害」はどこで分けられるのか
 気質は生得的、キャラクターは後天的…
2002/08 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 15
 Fine Line Separates Personality Quirks From Personality Disorder
変人は歳をとるとより変人に  偏執・妄想傾向は強まるが、反社会傾向はさほど変化なし
2002/06 New Scientist Eccentric people more extreme as they age
2002/05 EurekAlert! The pathway to anxiety begins early in life
 The critical period in mice for establishing anxiety behavior later in life is between five and 21 days after birth
カウチポテト族は産まれる前に作られる?
 胎児期に栄養不足だった人、ものぐさに育つかも
2002/04 Ananova Couch potatoes 'are created in the womb'
不安障害の種は幼少期の脳に
2002/03 AP Wire Serotonin Lack Linked to Anxiety
2002/03 BBC News Clue to mood disorders
2002/03 New Scientist Anxiety disorders may be seeded early
2002/03 National Institute of Mental Health
 Timing of Chemical Signal Critical for Normal Emotional Development
成熟動物の不安様行動の成立に関与する発達期のセロトニン1A受容体
2002/03 Nature 416, 396 - 400  Serotonin1A receptor acts during development to establish normal anxiety-like behaviour in the adult
神経生物学:心の平穏を保つセロトニン
2002/03 Nature 416, 377- 380  Neurobiology: Serotonin sustains serenity
三つ子の魂百まで
2002/03 National Post  Emotionally, we're all just big kids, doctor tells Toronto conference
 Personality types 'inherent from early childhood'





衝動・がまん 行動中毒 行動矯正


[ベール脱ぐ頭脳の神秘] 9. 中毒の原因
 ストレスが '薬物誘惑' 加速化  過度な重圧感から脱しようと快楽追求
2002/12 韓国 中央日報
2002/11 BioMedNet News Is addiction literally a bad habit?
2002/11 BioMedNet News Taking aim at addiction
2002/10 BioMedNet News Dopamine harnesses reward CART
2002/08 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 15
 Internet Gambling Alarms Addiction Experts, Government
2002/07 EurekAlert!  Researchers seek genetic clues to identify addicts and patients who will benefit from treatment
依存症 治療・相談先自助グループ紹介 NPOがガイド本
2002/07 読売 か・ら・だ / け・あ
2002/07 The Nando Times
 Study finds little connection between gambling, suicide
2002/07 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 14
 Alcoholism Susceptibility Linked To Compulsive Gambling, Shopping
2002/06 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 11
 Some People Come Equipped With Addiction-Fighting Gene
2002/05 EurekAlert! New food-addiction link found
2002/04 EurekAlert!
 Research yields new insights into molecular control of addiction
<ギャンブル>「賭けに負けると熱くなる」実証 米研究グループ
2002/03 毎日新聞
2002/03 Ananova Gamblers' mug's circuit discovered
2002/03 EurekAlert! Brains rush to judgment: U-M study
 Anatomy of a gamble: Our brains detect wins and losses in a third of a second, then trigger
2002/03 Nature News Service Loss hits you between the eyes
2002/03 Scientific American Losing Bets Drive Brain to Bad Decisions
2002/03 Philadelphia Inquirer  A study indicates gamblers bet bigger after a loss because they are induced to fix an error. It could also explain other risky acts.
「損」に反応する脳領域 「不公平」にも敏感
2002/04 ネイチャーバイオニュース
賭け事系サイト、深刻なギャンブル中毒を育みやすい
2002/03 BBC News Internet gambling breeds addiction
2002/03 EurekAlert!  Internet gamblers may be more likely to have a serious gambling problem than other gamblers
2002/03 American Psychological Association
 The Internet May Attract Those Who Try To Hide Gambling Behaviors
買い物中毒を薬で治そう
2002/03 BBC News Shopaholics treated with drugs
なぜ使ってしまうの? お金を溜めるはずだったでしょ
 不合理な消費行動をしてしまう私たち
2002/03 Salon.com Oh behave!  Why do we buy more when we have less to spend? Behavioral economists can explain.
行動中毒の脳
2002/02 New York Times
 Hijacking the Brain Circuits With a Nickel Slot Machine
テレビ中毒
2002/01 Scientific American  Television Addiction

攻撃性・短気


2002/11 New York Times
 Beyond Anger: Studying the Subconscious Nature of Rage
短気な人、感情をこらえる人は痛みを強く感じがち  お気楽な人は痛みに耐えやすい
2002/08 United Press International  Hot tempers can make life painful
2002/08 EurekAlert!  Managing anger, boosting activity helps substance abusers stick with treatment
敵意、怒りの衝動、うつのせいかも
2002/07 Yahoo! News Anger 'Attacks' May Accompany Depression
癇癪持ちやキレ屋さん、脳が壊れていませんか?
2002/05 BBC News Explosive anger 'a brain disorder'
2002/05 New Scientist Angry outbursts linked to brain dysfunction
2002/05 Telegraph Road rage is blamed on brain disorder
人がキレるわけ
2002/05 New York Times Why Angry People Can't Control the Short Fuse
マウスをチョー攻撃的にする遺伝子変異を発見
2002/05 Ananova Single gene mutation in mice linked to violent behaviour
2002/05 The Globe and Mail Mean gene yields killer mice
怒りは落ち込みのもと? 実は楽天主義のもとなんです
2002/05 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 9
 Anger May Give Birth To Optimism
2002/04 EurekAlert!
 Researchers link stroke patients' anger and aggression to brain injury
卒中患者のいらだちと脳損傷
2002/04 American Academy of Neurology
 Researchers Link Stroke Patients' Anger and Aggression to Brain Injury
否定や拒否は知能を下げ攻撃性を増強します
2002/03 New Scientist Rejection massively reduces IQ
イライラしてる男の人、男の更年期かも  男性ホルモンがバランス崩していませんか?
2002/02 Ananova  Hormone to blame for 'irritable male syndrome'
2002/02 BBC News Moody men blame their hormones
2002/02 New Scientist Hormone swings affect men too, suggests research
2002/02 Guardian
 You can't help being a grumpy old sourpuss.  It's how your brain is
2002/02 Chicago Tribune  Gambling addicts likely suffer other disorders
2002/01 Ananova
 Netball fans more abusive than rugby and football crowds

行動性向の性差


社交性が欠如したオタクは女には少ないよ  性染色体のおかげで社交性に長けてるもん
2002/11 BBC News Genetic clue to 'girl power'
2002/11 BioMedNet News  Genes shown to trigger response to social cues
ハッピーなときにチョコを楽しむ男たち
2002/09 Nature Science Update Men munch chocolates in joy
2002/09 ABCNEWS.com Keeping Cool
 Study Finds Women's Brains Are Better at Handling Anger
やもめ男の目がギラギラしているのはテストステロンが多いせい
 所帯を持つと攻撃性向が軽減します
2002/05 Ananova  'Bachelors have more testosterone than married fathers'
2002/05 BBC News Sex hormone 'higher in single men'
2002/05 New Scientist Married men have less testosterone
サッカー選手、ホームグラウンドで男性ホルモン量も得点も高め
2002/03 BBC News Testosterone scores with footballers
彼女のマグマに気をつけて 感情のリバウンド
 怒りを隠し押さえ込む女性、内なる怒りがよけいに倍増します
2002/01 BBC News Hiding emotions 'increases anger'
2002/01 EurekAlert!
 Women who suppress their emotions end up more angry

ナルシスト うぬぼれ


弱者が勝算は我にありとうぬぼれて闘うわけ
2002/07 EurekAlert! The underdog wins the day
あなたは個性的でキレもので特別な人ですか?
 人づきあいを損なう自尊心、自己愛、ナルシズム
2002/07 EurekAlert!  Narcissism can be as much a hindrance as a help to relationships, new UGA study reports
ナルシスト、勤勉だけど共同作業者にはしたくないタイプ
2002/03 New Scientist
 Narcissists brilliant workers, but terrible colleagues

外向・内向 刺激好き 冒険好き 恐怖 不安


2002/11 Health Behavior News Service
 GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER LINKED TO PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
2002/11 General Psychiatry Vol. 59 No. 11  Increased Amygdala Activation to Angry and Contemptuous Faces in Generalized Social Phobia
内向的な人は仕事で消耗しやすい
2002/09 EurekAlert!
 Introvert persons are more likely to become tired at work
人間、他者に拒否されると自暴自棄な行動に走りがち
 孤独に陥ると短期的視野で行動、刹那的快楽に
 身の危険を感じている人ではそういう傾向はない
2002/09 Yahoo! News I Just Got Dumped--Pass the Ice Cream, Please
2002/09 Personality and Social Psychology Volume 83, Number 3
 Social Exclusion Causes Self-Defeating Behavior
2002/08 American Psychological Association  Ecstasy May Be Drug of Choice for Those Trying to Cope with Loneliness, Study Finds
恐怖反応/セロトニン/遺伝要因/不安障害
2002/08 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 16
 Gene Variant Points To Frightening Discovery
self-esteemの低い人、落ち込んだ気分から抜け出しにくめ
2002/08 EurekAlert!
 People with low self-esteem less motivated to break a negative mood
セロトニンと扁桃体 不安性向に関与する遺伝子SLC6A4
2002/07 Ananova  Scientists uncover secrets of 'fear' gene
2002/07 BBC News Genetic link to anxiety
2002/07 EurekAlert! Gene may bias amygdala response to frightful faces
2002/07 Los Angeles Times
 Genetic Fear Factor Discovery May Help Fight Mental Illness
2002/07 Science Volume 297, Number 5580, pp. 400-403.  Serotonin Transporter Genetic Variation and the Response of the Human Amygdala
2002/07 New York Times Behavior: Fearing More Than Fear Itself
人は本当に死ぬほどびっくりすることができるか?
2002/06 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 11
 Can People Really Be Scared to Death?
2002/06 Psychiatric News Volume 37 Number 11
 Understanding Mechanism of Fear Could Lead to Better Anxiolytics
冒険好きの遺伝子と麻薬中毒の関係
2002/05 Guardian  The thrill-seeker's gene links junkies and bungee jumpers
恐怖の遺伝子
2002/04 AlphaGalileo Scientists Identify Genetic Markers of Fear
2002/04 UniSci Fear Linked To Specific Region Within The Genome
2002/03 Current Directions in Psychological Science Volume 11: Issue 2
 Why Young Men Drive Dangerously: Implications for Injury Prevention
2002/02 UniSci  Fear In Humans Dependent On Awareness Of The Threat

気分と環境


2002/05 Cognition and Emotion Volume 16, Number 3 331 - 354
 Induced processing biases have causal effects on anxiety

マテリアリズム


ブランドネームに反応する脳  他の単語とは異なり感情系統も活性化する
2002/08 BBC News Brands on the brain
2002/08 New Scientist Brand names bring special brain buzz
拝金主義、ブランド好きの源  信念の薄い人はモノや金で人を判断しがち
2002/08 EurekAlert!  Chronic self-doubters tend to be more materialistic, study shows

感情と記憶 感情と知覚


2002/12 Doctor's Guide
 Amygdala Active When Generalized Social Phobics Face Contempt
2002/11 JAMA Vol. 59 No. 11  Increased Amygdala Activation to Angry and Contemptuous Faces in Generalized Social Phobia
感情的な事件は思い出しやすい?
 そうじゃなくて興奮が(感情に関わらない物事でも)記憶しやすくさせるんです
2002/11 Nature Science Update Bloody teeth boost memory
血だらけの歯を見ると物覚えが良くなりませんか?  感情の高まりと頻繁な記憶の再生
2002/11 ネイチャーバイオニュース
感情と運転 ケータイと交通事故
2002/09 ABCNEWS.com Driven to Distraction
 Carmakers Study How to Make Driving Safer and Less Stressful
感情と注意力の関係
2002/08 EurekAlert!  MRI studies provide new insight into how emotions interfere with staying focused
感情に関わる記憶処理に長ける女性たち  感情反応脳スキャンと想起の性差
2002/07 BBC News Sexes handle emotions differently
2002/07 New Scientist Women's better emotional recall explained
女性は優れた「感情記憶」を持つ 米研究
2002/07 cnn.co.jp
2002/07 Discovery Women's Emotional Memory Tops Men's
2002/07 Thestar.com Why women never forget those little rows
感情の解釈、経験に左右される 虐待された児童、より多くの顔を「怒り」に分類
2002/06 UniSci Experience Alters How People Perceive Emotion
2002/06 EurekAlert! Experience alters how we perceive emotion
2002/06 New York Times
 Physically Abused Children Recognize the Face of Anger
感情と思考の複雑な関係
2002/06 Monitor on Psychology Volume 33, No. 6
 Emotion and cognition work together in the brain
感情は認知能力を左右する
2002/03 EurekAlert! Mood linked to cognitive abilities
2002/03 Washington University in St. Louis
 Study ties mental abilities to interaction of emotion and cognitive skills

感情や性向と脳


ゲロゲロ 嫌悪感の科学
2002/12 Discovery The Biology of ... Disgust Oh, Yuck!
[ベール脱ぐ頭脳の神秘] 8. 喜びの正体
2002/12 韓国 中央日報
2002/12 EurekAlert!
 Search for sympathy uncovers patterns of brain activity
2002/11 Los Angeles Times  Neuroscientists Mine the Depths of Emotions
 Researchers armed with new imaging techniques present their latest insights into behavior.
内側前頭前野ニューロンが発する恐怖減衰の記憶信号
2002/11 Nature 420, 70 - 74
 Neurons in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory for fear extinction
2002/11 MSNBC Scientists pinpoint brain's fear center
2002/11 The Globe and Mail  Scientists learn to suppress fear in rats
2002/11 ABCNEWS.com Fear Stops Here
 Scientists Finding Answers to How the Brain Handles Fear
2002/11 National Institutes of Health
 Mimicking Brain's 'All Clear' Tricks Rats into Not Feeling Scared
2002/10 BioMedNet News Tracing the molecules of fear
 University of California, Los Angeles, have recently identified a molecule that seems to be directly involved in the extinction of fear memories.
2002/10 BBC News Brain switch 'could control fear'
2002/10 EurekAlert!
 UCLA neuroscientists discovery distinct molecular key to overcoming fear
2002/10 Yahoo! News
 Study Finds New Seat of Anxiety in Brain kinase Ce (PKCe)
注意と感情のための分離できる前頭葉前部脳システム
2002/08 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 99, Issue 17, 11447-11451
 Dissociable prefrontal brain systems for attention and emotion
外向的な人は内気な人より「楽しい表情」によく反応する
2002/06 EurekAlert!  Brains of outgoing people react more to happy faces than those of shy individuals
2002/06 New Scientist Brain expression response linked to personality
2002/06 Philadelphia Inquirer Pieces of personality seen in brain
2002/06 BioMedNet News The extrovert's amygdala
2002/06 Discovery Some Brains Glow at Smiling Faces
人間脳, 喜びより恐怖に同じ反応
2002/06 韓国 中央日報
2002/03 Guardian  Now science tells us how we really feel
不機嫌で忙しくなる脳部位
2002/02 washingtonpost.com Brain Part Appears to Accentuate Negativity
2002/02 MSNBC Busy brains, bad moods
2002/02 EurekAlert!  Study associates differences in mood with activity in a specific area of the brain
2002/02 BBC News The cause of bad moods
2002/02 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 10.1073/pnas.042457199
 Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect

感情や性向と遺伝子


恐怖の記憶に関与する遺伝子
2002/12 Howard Hughes Medical Institute
 Researchers Discover Gene that Controls Learned Fear
2002/12 Ananova Fear gene 'linked to mental illness'
2002/12 Yahoo! News Scientists ID Gene Key for Scary Memory Storage
2002/12 BBC News 'Fear gene' could unlock mental illness
カフェインが興奮ではなく不安を招く場合@遺伝子
2002/12 EurekAlert!
 The genetic basis for caffeine-induced anxiety discovered
2002/12 EurekAlert!
 Jewels that may help explain behavioral disorders found among 'junk' DNA
2002/11 USA TODAY Stimulating brain calms panic in rats, possibly humans
2002/11 EurekAlert! A genetic basis for aggression and anger
2002/09 Monitor on Psychology Volume 33, No. 8
 Searching for genes that explain our personalities

ほか


2002/11 Discovery Cheap thrills
 Experience any feeling you want in the comfort of your own home
感情によるミーム淘汰 都市伝説のしくみ
2002/09 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
 Emotional Selection in Memes: The Case of Urban Legends
日本の100歳以上は「きちょうめんで努力家」厚労省調査
 スウェーデン=「信頼できる」「責任感がある」
 米国    =「支配的」「疑い深い」「従順でない」
2002/04 読売新聞
2002/03 Current Directions in Psychological Science Volume 11: Issue 2
 Situation-Behavior Profiles as a Locus of Consistency in Personality
  Yuichi Shoda

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