脳、神経科学:
2003年7〜12月

ほか「脳、神経科学」の年月別目次

記事庫の新着・更新情報 
グーグルより上手に英語を無料で日本語訳してくれる『エキサイト翻訳』

past 心脳問題/脳研究と倫理/脳科学の未来


健康保険加入における「脳」差別問題
2003/11 Guardian  Secrets of the mind must remain private property, says scientist
脳のしくみについて教えて下さい 木を見て森を見ず… 心脳問題 自由意志
2003/11 New York Times (4) How Does the Brain Work?
脳の著作権を獲得、ニューロンを先物取引 あるアーティストの企て
2003/10 ワイアードジャパン
中絶胎児の脳移植、効かない?
2003/08 Nature Science Update Parkinson's transplant therapy faces setback
[ニュース展望]脳科学と教育 倫理面への配慮忘れるな=科学環境部・田中泰義
2003/08 毎日新聞
学校の三者面談で脳スキャンを云々する日がやってくる?
 神経科学で変わるであろう教育現場
2003/07 BBC News The appliance of neuroscience
心脳問題 体知覚科学の100年
2003/07 BioMedNet News  Body, mind and brain: 100 years of somatosensory neuroscience

past あっちの脳


瞑想の恩恵をめぐる科学的研究
2003/09 ワイアードジャパン
2003/09 BBC News Monks help scientists study brain
2003/09 Washington Post A Meeting of Minds
 In the Spirit of Inquiry, The Dalai Lama Submits To an Inquiry of His Spirit

past 脳のメンテナンス


よくかめば、脳の働きも活発に
2003/12 asahi.com : 健康
2003/11 Society for Neuroscience  EXERCISE HAS A MORE POWERFUL IMPACT ON THE BRAIN THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT; MAY LEAD TO IMPROVED TREATMENTS FOR DISORDERS SUCH AS SPINAL CORD INJURY
2003/11 EurekAlert  OHSU researchers study physical and mental impacts of exercise on the brain
 Workouts may result in increased blood flow to the brain, allow a person to be more mentally engaged
飲み屋さんでもかまわない? 社交的外出は脳にグー
2003/11 BBC News Brain benefits of 'a quick pint'
 Middle-aged men now have a good excuse to go to the pub with their mates - it is good for their brains
2003/11 Ananova Going for a pint could be good for the mind
2003/11 The Sydney Morning Herald  British study finds going to the pub good for the brain
脳ドックに新指針
2003/09 読売 医療と介護
2003/09 EurekAlert Cranberries may help reduce stroke damage

past 脳の成長過程 神経の盛衰


2003/10 EurekAlert A tale of mice and men and how brains develop
2003/10 Howard Hughes Medical Institute  Tinkering With the Clockwork of Developing Neurons
 manipulating the molecular 'ticks' of the regulatory clock that governs the development of neurons in fruit flies.
睡眠中の自発的筋単収縮が脊髄の自己組織化を誘導する
2003/07 Nature 424, 72 - 75  Spontaneous muscle twitches during sleep guide spinal self-organization

大人の脳 子どもの脳


2003/11 Psychiatric News Volume 38 Number 22  Stress-Related Brain Changes Begin in Youth
2003/08 The Globe and Mail Scientists want to peer inside teenagers' brains
 Study hopes scans may help explain emotional swings -- even rebellion
乳幼児の思考活動を脳スキャンで見る
2003/07 BBC News Brain scans 'reveal baby thoughts'

past 脳は機能の柔軟性が高いデリケートな器官


あなたの心はどこにある?
 IQ126、数学の学位を持ち社会的に完全に普通
 それなのに、彼はあるべき脳を持っていないのです!
2003/10 Guardian Where are you?

past グアムの脳病


2003/11 Nature Science Update Bug makes bats bad for brains
 Bacterial poison damages brains of Pacific islanders - and perhaps others.
細菌入りコウモリを食べるのは脳によくない
 細菌が作り出すBMAA毒素による脳変性疾患の発症
2003/11 ネイチャーバイオニュース

past 脳は故障がおきやすいデリケートな器官


2003/11 BBC News Nerve death throes 'wreck spine'
 Spinal injuries may be made much worse by a chemical chain reaction set off by even minor damage to nerves.
2003/11 Ohio State University  DYING NERVES CAUSE EVEN MORE HARM AFTER SPINAL CORD INJURY
高齢者向けのボケ解消薬、脳の高次機能を損なうかも
2003/11 EurekAlert  Memory-enhancing drugs for elderly may impair high-level brain function
PCB、微量で脳の発達阻害 科学技術振興機構が解明
2003/10 asahi.com : 健康
慢性疲労症候群、患者から特殊たんぱく質
 脳や心臓などで神経の情報伝達を妨げる働き
2003/08 asahi.com : 健康

脳卒中 脳溢血


2003/09 BBC News Scientists discover 'stroke gene'
2003/09 New York Times Scientists Discover First Gene Tied to Stroke Risk
2003/09 The Sydney Morning Herald
 Scientists seeking to ease stroke in Iceland's pool of pure genes

高次脳機能障害


高次脳機能障害 物忘れ、イライラ 交通事故後ずっと…  “隠れ障害”支援進まず
2003/10 読売 医療と介護
2003/10 EurekAlert  Damage to the frontal lobes can affect a person's ability to 'stay on the job'

脳腫瘍


2003/07 BBC News Anti-depressant offers brain tumour hope

神経難病・多発性硬化症


理研、ALS標的分子を特定
2003/12 化学工業日報
2003/12 BBC News Test 'pinpoints MS progression'
 a way to measure the severity of a patient's multiple sclerosis and gauge how well drugs are working.
2003/11 BioMedNet News Protein biomarkers boost ALS research
2003/11 EurekAlert  Protein biomarkers accurately and quickly diagnose ALS, find Pittsburgh researchers
2003/11 MSNBC Slowing degenerative nerve disease CMT
 New treatment may improve patients' motor performance
2003/10 EurekAlert The neighborhood matters: Packard Center scientists show cell environment is important in ALS
2003/10 EurekAlert It's the neighborhood that matters in ALS, according to medical researchers
2003/10 Howard Hughes Medical Institute  Healthy Neighbors Rescue Degenerating Motor Neurons
2003/09 Scientific American Gulf War Veterans Have Higher Rate of Lou Gehrig's Disease
2003/09 BBC News Gulf war linked to motor neurone
2003/09 EurekAlert  Two studies find Gulf War veterans have increased risk of ALS
2003/09 EurekAlert
 Abnormally high number of Lou Gehrig's disease cases identified among Gulf War veterans
2003/09 Ananova Newly-discovered proteins link to muscle disease
2003/07 BBC News Stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy - ropinirole
アンチセンスセラピーの可能性@デュシェンヌ型筋ジス
2003/07 BBC News Muscular dystrophy drug progress
2003/07 Ananova Gene breakthrough in muscular dystrophy fight
2003/07 Nature Science Update RNA injections boost muscle strength
デュシェンヌ型筋ジストロフィーの新たな治療法  界面活性剤で大量のRNAを筋細胞に導入
2003/07 ネイチャーバイオニュース





パーキンソン病


パーキンソン病のヒントが酵母から
2003/12 EurekAlert Yeast model yields insights into Parkinson's disease
2003/12 EurekAlert  Yeast helps researchers better understand Parkinson's mystery
2003/11 ScienCentral Delaying Disease
 a gene that controls both Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases
2003/11 BBC News Tobacco chemical brain drug hope
 A by-product of cigarette smoke could help doctors find treatments for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
2003/11 Boston.com  Nicotine studied as treatment for brain disorders
2003/10 CNN Study: Extra copies of gene may cause Parkinson's
2003/10 EurekAlert  Major new finding on genetics of Parkinson's disease zeroes in on activity of alpha synuclein
2003/10 Los Angeles Times Study Ties Extra Gene Copies, Parkinson's
 Mutated genes are not the only cause of Parkinson's disease, a study shows. Some patients have extra copies of a normal gene that cause too much of a protein to build up in their brains.
2003/09 EurekAlert Deep brain stimulation offers benefits against Parkinson's
2003/09 BBC News 'Board game' for Parkinson's patients
 Parkinson's Disease experts have come up with a novel way of ensuring everyone gets the message about the condition - Parkinsonpoly.
痛み止め, パーキンソン病予防効果
2003/08 韓国 中央日報
2003/08 BBC News Painkillers protect against Parkinson's
2003/08 EurekAlert  Study shows new drug reduces advanced Parkinson's disease symptoms
2003/08 BBC News Test for early Parkinson's
2003/07 BBC News Drug hope for Parkinson's

ハンチントン病


2003/09 University of California  Brain Transportation System Defect Linked to Huntington's by UCSD Team
2003/07 BBC News Unlocking the brain's secrets
2003/07 EurekAlert  Emory University researchers find clue to Huntington's disease mechanism
2003/07 EurekAlert  Link between neuronal calcium channel, mutated gene that causes Huntington's disease identified

脆弱性X症候群


2003/10 Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4, 776-777 (2003); doi:10.1038/nrn1242   Fragile X: a class of its own

てんかん


2003/10 BBC News Cannabis 'could help epileptics'
2003/09 BBC News  People from deprived areas are five times more likely to develop epilepsy

頭痛


2003/07 EurekAlert Chill out: Anger can give you a headache

past 脳の修復、神経の再生や増殖


2003/12 EurekAlert New understanding of why brain cells die after stroke will lead to development of new treatments
cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM)
2003/12 Duke University Medical Center  Discovery of Brain Disorder Gene Paves Way for Genetic Test
2003/12 EurekAlert Chemical gradient steers nerve growth in spinal cord
マリファナの活性成分を合成して脳損傷の進行を阻止
2003/11 ワイアードジャパン
2003/11 University of California  Blocking immune response to spinal cord injury can improve chances for recovery
2003/11 EurekAlert Anti-inflammatory drugs speed brain recovery in Stanford animal study
2003/11 Nature Science Update Exercise may speed spinal cord repair
 Running boosts nerve talk in injured rats.

past 脳-血液関門


2003/09 University of California  UCSD Researchers Decipher Function Of Blood-Brain Barrier in Bacterial Meningitis

past 脳が情報を処理する機序、学習・記憶する機序


2003/11 BioMedNet News Neurons are dying to learn more
 while new cells are generated in the hippocampus of the rat brain during a learning exercise, other cells die off.
神経細胞が視覚刺激に似た活性パターンを自発的に作り出す@麻酔中の動物脳
2003/10 Nature 425, 912- 913 Neuroscience: States of mind
自発的に発生している視覚属性の皮質上表現
2003/10 Nature 425, 954 - 956  Spontaneously emerging cortical representations of visual attributes
2003/10 Nature Science Update Brain fakes it
 Nerve-cell activity when eyes are shut reveals internal views of the world.
海馬錐体細胞の発火率と発火時刻の独立に行われる符号化
2003/10 Nature 425, 828 - 832  Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells
2003/10 EurekAlert  Patterns of brain activity differ with musical training, not cultural familarity
神経生物学:現行犯逮捕 記憶が形成される際に個々のニューロンの応答が変わる
2003/07 Nature 424, 377- 378 Neurobiology: Caught in the act
2003/07 DISCOVER Vol. 24 No. 8  Out of Order
 Why your brain routinely breaks its own rules

past 脳と意欲

  行動中毒、嗜好中毒になる機序/ごほうびや罰に反応する脳の研究

2003/09 EurekAlert  'Good' chemical, neurons in brain elevated among exercise addicts
 But OHSU researcher says jump in BDNF, neurogenesis may not be beneficial
パーキンソン治療薬に「ギャンブル中毒」の副作用
2003/08 BBC News Parkinson's drugs 'fuel gambling urge'
2003/08 EurekAlert Parkinson's medication linked to gambling
2003/08 New Scientist Parkinson's drugs linked to heavy gambling
2003/08 New York Times Risks and Remedies: Gambling and Parkinson's Drug

past 脳のいろいろな部位の機能/脳内物質・神経伝達物質 神経研究


グリア細胞の役割 〜上海
2003/12 People's Daily Online Neurological discovery made
乾きを感じる脳をスキャン
2003/12 Australian Broadcasting Corporation  Thirsty work for brain experts
2003/12 EurekAlert Easily paralyzed flies provide clues to neurodegeneration
2003/12 EurekAlert  Yerkes researchers discover natural brain chemical reduces effects of cocaine
グリア細胞 脳科学の主役に−−頭の若返りも夢じゃない!?
2003/11 毎日新聞
2003/11 BioMedNet News Questioning the medial temporal lobe
 The Society for Neuroscience
扁桃核の影響と認識
 内側側頭葉の嚢状石灰化を呈するウルバッハ・ウィート症候群における調査
2003/11 Brain, Vol. 126, No. 12, 2627-2637  Amygdala, affect and cognition: evidence from 10 patients with Urbach-Wiethe disease
分子神経科学:BACをつないで脳のイメージを作る
2003/10 Nature 425, 907- 908 Molecular neuroscience: BAC-to-BAC images of the brain
細菌人工染色体を利用した中枢神経系の遺伝子発現地図
2003/10 Nature 425, 917 - 925  A gene expression atlas of the central nervous system based on bacterial artificial chromosomes
2003/10 Howard Hughes Medical Institute  Gene-Expression Atlas Will Provide New Direction for Brain and Spinal-Cord Studies
運動神経細胞はHox-c活性の逐次的変化によって円柱構造を形成するよう運命づけられる
2003/10 Nature 425, 926 - 933  Motor neuron columnar fate imposed by sequential phases of Hox-c activity
2003/10 Duke University  'Reset Switch' for Brain Cells Discovered
2003/10 HealthCentral.com How the Brain Adapts
 A 'reset switch' that increases or decreases the sensitivity of brain cells to stimulation by their neighbors
 This action, called homeostatic plasticity, enables the brain to adapt to changes in the environment.
2003/10 Duke University  Evidence That Neurons Prune Only 'Twigs' to Rewire Themselves
2003/10 MSNBC Squids help solve brain mysteries
 Giant nerve fibers give insights on how we remember
2003/10 Newsday.com Squid Research Helps Study of Brains
2003/10 AScribe  Brain Research: Neurons That Play Truth or Consequences
 anterior cingulate cortex responds to discrepancies between a person's intentions and what actually occurs when actions are performed
シナプスでのやりとり 神経伝達物質の放出とフィードバック
2003/10 Nature 425, 464- 467 Neurobiology: Backchat at the synapse
2003/10 EurekAlert Neurons that play truth or consequences
 The 'CEO' in your brain appears to be concerned more about the consequences of your actions than how hard they are to produce.
2003/09 New York Times Public Atlas of the Brain in the Works
2003/09 The Seattle Times  Paul Allen creates new brain project with $100 million
左前頭葉の活動が活発な人は免疫機能も元気
2003/09 EurekAlert  Study shows brain activity influences immune function
神経生物学:とげを生やす問題
2003/08 Nature 424, 627- 628 Neurobiology: A thorny issue
AMPA受容体GluR2サブユニットの細胞外ドメインによる樹状突起棘の誘導
2003/08 Nature 424, 677 - 681
 Induction of dendritic spines by an extracellular domain of AMPA receptor subunit GluR2
神経成長に必要な遺伝子KIF2A
2003/07 読売 医療と介護
脳:海馬におけるセル・アセンブリの構成
2003/07 Nature 424, 552 - 556  Organization of cell assemblies in the hippocampus
2003/07 BBC News Chemical nerve signal discovered semaphorin-7a
東北大などの研究グループ、脳の神経細胞の働き維持する遺伝子発見
2003/07 毎日新聞
脳の神経回路網の制御に欠かせないたんぱく質発見
2003/07 asahi.com : サイエンス
神経生物学:知られていなかったネットワーク形成法
2003/07 Nature 424, 381- 382 Neurobiology: A new way to network
神経:セマフォリン7AはインテグリンおよびMAPキナーゼを介して軸索の伸長を促進する
2003/07 Nature 424, 398 - 405  Semaphorin 7A promotes axon outgrowth through integrins and MAPKs
2003/07 EurekAlert  New growth-stimulating cue identified for nerve cells
神経:シナプス競合において軸索の身元が果たす役割
2003/07 Nature 424, 426 - 430  The role of neuronal identity in synaptic competition
発生:シナプス競合の結果を決めるのは相対的なシナプス効率であることを示す遺伝学的証拠
2003/07 Nature 424, 430 - 434  Genetic evidence that relative synaptic efficacy biases the outcome of synaptic competition
脳地図ができました 9年かけ7000人の脳を調べて
2003/07 Independent 'Brain atlas' maps out how the human mind works
脳の秘密解いてくれる '脳マップ' 作成中
2003/07 韓国 中央日報

past 脳スキャン技術 脳波


脳内の神経線維を画像化 手術の安全性向上
2003/12 共同通信
2003/12 BBC News Speedy scans for stroke victims
 super-fast brain scanning system developed in the UK.
2003/12 EurekAlert New ultrafast MRI benefits stroke patients
2003/11 Washington University  Better brain imaging helps surgeons avoid damage to language functions
2003/11 BioMedNet News Imaging on the brain
 A handful of web-based initiatives to map genetic information onto state-of-the-art brain images are opening up new horizons in neuroscience
2003/11 The Scientist fMRI: The Perfect Imperfect Instrument
 Spatially, functional magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard, but poor temporal resolution has researchers looking for something better
2003/07 University of California  SCIENTISTS DEVELOP TECHNIQUE THAT USES ULTRAFAST LASERS TO OBTAIN HIGH-QUALITY IMAGES OF BRAIN TISSUE

past 脳-電磁波 脳-磁気


もしやそれは電磁波過敏症? 電磁波を浴びた時に脳の血流量が変動
2003/08 asahi.com : 健康

past 脳改造、ワイアド

ロボトミー


2003/10 Sunday Herald First proof of 'the benefits of lobotomy'
 New survey supports drastic neurosurgery

思考とツール


2003/11 EurekAlert Brain signals from the paralyzed or injured captured by computer
 Gains in communication and movement may be reality soon for patients
マインドゲーム, 脳卒中マヒ治療に效果
2003/10 韓国 中央日報
2003/10 BBC News Mind games boost stroke rehab

past 脳の進化


2003/09 EurekAlert  In the Sept. 26 issue of Science, Salk Institute professor Terrence Sejnowski and University of Cambridge professor Simon Laughlin argue that the human brain has evolved to operate as an enormously efficient 'hybrid device', capable of making far more sophisticated computations than the most powerful computers, and the long-distance communication systems in brains have been optimized by evolution for energy efficiency.
2003/09 New Scientist Cleverness may carry survival cost

past そのほか


2003/11 BioMedNet News Brain therapy for heart patients
著名古典に見る疾患例
 リア王=アルツハイマー リチャード三世=ソシオパス
 ハムレット=うつ病 ジュリアス・シーザー=てんかん
2003/10 The Desert Sun(USA TODAY)
 Neuroscience, literature merge in study of how human mind works


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  • ここは過去記事置き場です:報道や出版の経年変化を観察できます。
  • 「遷移」は「せんい」と読みます。移り変わりのことです。

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