ヒトの進化、古人類学 人間の祖先:
2005年

ほか「ヒトの進化、古人類学 人間の祖先」の年月別目次

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past ヒト進化の考察


お笑いの進化
2005/12 Discovery Study: Laughter Can be Genuine, Strategic
A new analysis of how humans laugh looks at its evolution over seven million years.
新石器文化と河の道
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Waterways and the Neolithic
2005/12 Journal of Archaeological Science  doi:10.1016/j.jas.2005.09.017
The role of waterways in the spread of the Neolithic
水棲人類進化説
2005/10 DeeperBlue.net  The Aquatic Ape Theory: Jury Still Out ?
2005/10 Discover Human Origins
Digital Ancestors Walk Again
Commonplace hospital gear opens up a new way of reconstructing forerunners of Homo sapiens
By Carl Zimmer
多地域間乱婚と安定した人口、という説はいかがなものか
2005/09 John Hawksz Anthropology Weblog : The Multiregional Stipulation Society
バラシュ
2005/08 Los Angeles Times Ah, sweet mysteries of science
 Why is ovulation in human females a secret? Why do women have orgasms? These and other questions show how much we don't know.
 By David P. Barash
人類進化の断続平衡?  ヒトゲノムの中に「中断」された進化を見た
2005/06 EurekAlert 'Punctuated' evolution in the human genome
 Scientists document temporal bias in gene duplication events for a complex region of human chromosome 2
2005/06 New Scientist Did humans evolve in fits and starts?
Humans may have evolved in rapid bursts of genetic change, challenging the theory that evolution is a gradual process
人類進化の番組 National Geographicの「究極のサバイバーを探して」
2005/03  Archaeological Institute of America Take Your Hominids with a Grain of Salt
2005/03 sciencedaily.com Geography Predicts Human Genetic Diversity

病気


ヒトと共にあったレプラ  ハンセン氏病の遺伝子解析で見えてくるレプラの起源と人類移住の歴史
2005/05 EurekAlert Leprosy genome tells story of human migrations, French researchers report in Science
2005/05 EurekAlert International team determines geographic origin of leprosy
レプラは奴隷貿易と共に
2005/05 BBC News Slave trade key to leprosy spread
2005/01 BBC News Ancient inbreeding caused disease
 Many of the illnesses we suffer today are down to our ancestors not having enough choice in the mating game
2005/01 New Scientist Hominid inbreeding left humans vulnerable to disease
2005/01 EurekAlert Lack of potential mates has lead to 'sloppy' gene control and risk of disease for humans
 べつに敢えて近親相姦と表現せずとも普通にシビアなボトルネックを経てきてるんだから…

食い物


ホモ・エレクトゥスの食事はガリガリと
2005/11 Discovery Early Humans Ate Crunchy Food
 A close look at early ancestors' teeth reveals that our upright cousins liked brittle and tough foods.
ヒトの誕生と根菜類
Greg Laden and Richard Wrangham リチャード・ランガム
2005/09 EurekAlert The roots of civilization trace back to ... roots
ご先祖さまはナンデモ食っていた:歯の表面分析
2005/08 EurekAlert New technology shows our ancestors ate?verything!
進化 : 歯が物語る初期人類の食事メニュー
2005/08 【日本語記事】 Nature@日本
2005/08 ScienceDaily Novel Technique Offers New Look At Ancient Diet Dogma
進化:歯の微視的使用痕のテクスチャー解析から見ると化石人類の食餌には種内変動性があった
2005/08 Nature Dental microwear texture analysis shows within-species diet variability in fossil hominins
2005/08 Discovery Teeth Reveal Ice Age Diets
苦味センサーと人類の進化
2005/07 The Scientist Did bitter tasters do better?
 An improved ability to distinguish the bitter taste of natural toxins in foods may have made a difference in the survival of early humans
2005/07 EurekAlert Toxins drove evolution of human taste sense, global study reveals
2005/07 EurekAlert Evolution of taste receptor may have shaped human sensitivity to toxic compounds
ヒトの歯並びの悪さ、人類が料理を始めた結果かも
2005/02 New Scientist Human 'dental chaos' linked to evolution of cooking
肉食への進化
2005/02 National Geographic 'Evolving to Eat Mush': How Meat Changed Our Bodies
ヒトがチンプより早く離乳するのはなぜ 肉食がお乳の負担を減らしたよ
2005/01 Indo-Asian News Servic Man's love of meat cut breastfeeding

肌の色


進化生物学:地理学と皮膚の色 ジャレド・ダイアモンド
2005/05 Nature Evolutionary biology: Geography and skin colour
2005/02 Human Genetics  The 8818G allele of the agouti signaling protein (ASIP) gene is ancestral and is associated with darker skin color in African Americans
2005/02 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog ASIP gene and skin color

運動能力


よくしゃがんでいたっぽい骨格@南アフリカのつま先  つまり中石器時代にはすでに農作の萌芽が?
2005/12 Discovery Stone Age Humans Often Squatted
 Middle Stone Age humans were engaged in some kind of agricultural work at this early phase in human history.
持久走とヒト進化
2005/03 The Daily Campus Endurance running helped man evolve
2005/04 Natural History Born to Run
 Humans will never win a sprint against your average quadruped.
 But our species is well-adapted for the marathon.
2005/02 Human Genetics  Genes and human elite athletic performance
2005/02 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog Genes and athletic performance

past 近頃の人類進化


2005/12 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : At least 10 percent of human genes under recent selection
文化と共進化したヒト遺伝子
2005/12 New Scientist Civilisation has left its mark on our genes
 a significant percentage of our genes have been shaped by natural selection in the past 50,000 years
2005/12 EurekAlert Grant allows ASU archaeologist to study how environment influences evolution
 to learn more about modern human evolution by gaining a better understanding of the physical environment
ユダヤ人の知能の進化
2005/10 NewYorkMagazine.com Are Jews Smarter?
Did Jewish intelligence evolve in tandem with Jewish diseases as a result of discrimination in
the ghettos of medieval Europe?
乳糖耐性、アフリカとアフリカ以外で
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Lactase persistence in Africans and non-Africans
2005/05 Human Genetics  DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-1322-z
Microsatellite variation and evolution of human lactase persistence
2005/06 EurekAlert Lactose intolerance linked to ancestral environment

past ヒト、チンパンジー、霊長類


470万〜700万年前に進化=人類、チンパンジーと共通祖先から−米研究チーム
2005/12 【日本語記事】 ヤフージャパン(時事通信)
ヒトとチンプを分かつとき 500〜700万年前に絞り込み
2005/12 EurekAlert Scientists narrow the time limits for the human and chimpanzee split
今は亡き古代類人猿Gigantopithecus blacki、人類と混血した可能性も
2005/12 National Geographic Giant Asian Ape and Humans Coexisted, Might Have Interacted
10万年前に絶えた巨大類人猿ギガントピテクス・ブラッキー
2005/11 PhysOrg.com  Giant ape co-existed alongside humans 100,000 years ago, researcher finds
ヒトと霊長類の遺伝子差、ひっくり返ったDNAが多いこと多いこと
2005/10 EurekAlert Flipped genetic sequences illuminate human evolution and disease
 chunks of similar DNA that have been flipped in orientation and reinserted into chromosomes are hundreds of times more common in primates than previously thought.
2005/10 EurekAlert Cornell finds natural selection in humans
 9 percent of genes that show some variability within humans or differences between humans and chimpanzees have evolved too rapidly to be explained simply by chance.
2005/10 EurekAlert Ancient anthropoid origins discovered in Africa
 The fossil teeth and jawbones of two new species of tiny monkey-like creatures that
lived 37 million years ago have been sifted from ancient sediments in the Egyptian desert
古代類人猿の祖先の化石
Fossils From Ancient Ape Ancestors
2005/10 【日本語記事】 Science日本版
2005/10 ScienceDaily Ancient Anthropoid Origins Discovered In Africa
2005/10 PhysOrg.com Tiny primate fossils shed new light on our ancient ancestors
ヒトは癌に罹るように進化した?  チンパンジーとの遺伝子差が発癌を招く
2005/05 EurekAlert Man, chimp difference may have made us prone to cancer
霊長類でめっちゃすばやく進化した遺伝子はこれ
2005/05 New Scientist Fastest-evolving genes in humans and chimps revealed
2005/04 Genetics doi:10.1534/genetics.105.040527  Accelerated Evolution of the PACAP Precursor Gene During Human Origin
2005/02 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 80% of proteins are different between humans and chimpanzees





past ヒト脳の進化


脳進化関与遺伝子 prodynorphin, or PDYN
2005/12 PhysOrg.com  Key brain gene shows evolution in humans
2005/12 EurekAlert Key brain regulatory gene shows evolution in humans
2005/10 ScienCentral Evolving Brain
 20 brain-associated genes, including microcephalin and ASPM, evolved faster in the great ape lineage than in mice and rats.
ていうか、誰が固定不変だと
2005/09 FuturePundit: Brain Gene Allele Frequences Show Brain Still Evolving
2005/09 EurekAlert Human brain is still evolving
2005/09 EurekAlert University of Chicago researchers find human brain still evolving
2005/09 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Stop the presses... huge papers on brain evolution in recent humans
2005/09 New Scientist Human brains enjoy ongoing evolution
2005/09 BBC News 'Proof' our brains are evolving
2005/09 New York Times Brain May Still Be Evolving, Studies Hint
ヒトにおける脳遺伝子の進化 Brain Genes Evolving in Humans
2005/09 【日本語記事】 Science日本版
脳みそはMicrocephalinとASPMがミスれば小さいまま機能せず
Microcephalinは37,000年前から、ASPMは都市発生後の5,800年前から急速に蔓延
そしてシアル酸レセプターの謎の変異
2005/09 The Economist Human evolution: Three of a kind
2005/09 The Scientist The evolving human brain
 Trio of studies hints at genetic changes that
may have spurred human brain evolution
進化:ヒト脳の進化を分子から見抜く
2005/09 Nature Molecular insights into human brain evolution
2004/11 Nature Reviews Genetics 5, 850-860 (2004); doi:10.1038/nrg1469
HUMAN BRAIN EVOLUTION: INSIGHTS FROM MICROARRAYS
2005/03 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Reciprocal evolution of the cerebellum and neocortex in fossil humans
2005/01 New Scientist Does 'RNA editing' make us brainy?
ヒト脳遺伝子進化、約2000万年前の旧・新世界猿分離からアクセル
 500万年前チンパンジーから分かれるとさらにターボ
2005/01 New York Times Human Brain Design Gets a New Timetable Bruce T. Lahn
生態学的支配、社会的競争と連動した軍拡競争:人類が並外れた知性をゲットしたわけ
2005/01 Evolution and Human Behavior Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 10-46  Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races
 Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence

past ヒト進化と性淘汰


ルーシーの貞節 一夫一婦制はいつ始まったのか
2005/08 DISCOVER Vol. 26 No. 09 How Loyal Was Lucy?

past ヒト言語の進化


遺伝子一個で言語発祥が沙汰できるものなのか
2005/10 The Scientist The Flap about FoxP2
  Could a single gene have made communication possible?
ミラーニューロンと言語の進化 言語の発祥は身ぶりから
 チンパンジーの衝動的な発声はコミュニケーション発展には難しげ
2005/10 A Rough Grunt Dictionary. The Loom
デズモンド・モリス、ヒトジェスチャーの普遍性と機能について語る
2005/10 Forbes.com Desmond Morris On Symbolic Gestures
他人の身ぶりにやたら敏感にできているヒト脳
2005/10 Discovery Study: Body Language Speaks Loudest
Humans pay more attention to body language even when they don't intend to, the brain study finds.
ヒトの多様性を担っているのはごくわずかな遺伝子たち(言語系メイン)
2005/01 EurekAlert Human complexity and diversity spring from a surprisingly few (relatively speaking) genes

言語系統と遺伝系統


言語系統樹とヒト遺伝系統樹 南アメリンドの系統解明
2005/11 EurekAlert Genetics used to prove linguistic theories

past ヒトはどこに生まれ、どう移住して地球上に広がっていったか


人類発祥の地はアジア? Robin Dennell@英国 Wil Roebroeks@オランダ
 ドマニシと フローレス 初期人類はコンパクト脳だった可能性
2005/12 National Geographic Did Early Humans First Arise in Asia, Not Africa?
2005/09 New Scientist Ice age 'twins' found in ancient burial ground
2005/08 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Earliest examples of the four major racial types
2005/08 Discovery Climate Change Fueled Human Evolution?
人類進化初期の気候変動  Climate Change During Early Human Evolution
2005/08 【日本語記事】 Science日本版
2005/08 BBC News Climate change marks dawn of man
ヒトの出アフリカ以外を示すデータ
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Research on the X chromosome rejects the pure Out of Africa model
ディスカバリーまでヒトアジア起源説… パキスタンで出土した歯
2005/05 Discovery Study: Human Ancestors Originated in Asia
2005/05 abc.net.au Humans left Asia for Africa, then returned
人類はアフリカに生まれ、ほどなく海岸沿いにオーストラリアに達した
2005/05 BBC News Early humans 'followed coast'
 The first humans headed south along the coast of the Indian Ocean, Science magazine reports.
2005/05 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Coastal migration theory
2005/05 news@nature.com Early African migrants made eastward exit
 Travellers hugged the coast as they wandered the world.
2005/05 New Scientist Out of Africa and straight to the beach
2005/05 New York Times Geneticists Link Modern Humans to Single Band Out of Africa
ホモサピエンスの発祥の地は中国?
2005/04 Xinhua News New evidence challenges hypothesis of modern human origins
 a valley of Qingjiang River, a tributary on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, might be one of the regions where Homo sapiens, or modern man, originated.
2005/04 english.eastday.com New evidence challenges "Out-of-Africa" hypothesis of modern human origins
現代東アフリカ人との比較  遺伝子解析から推察する人類の起源
2005/03 EurekAlert Geography predicts human genetic diversity
人類は一系統
2005/01 Homo. 2004;55(1-2):21-37. Hominins are a single lineage: brain and body size variability does not reflect postulated taxonomic diversity of hominins.

アフリカから地に満ちた人類


進化:アフリカからの初期人類の分散をアジア的視点からとらえる
2005/12 Nature An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa
人類の歴史を大きく変えた7万年前の大旱魃@アフリカ
 マラウィ、タンガニーカ、ボスムトゥイの各湖をボーリング調査
2005/12 BBC News Ancient drought 'changed history'
世界人類の3つの起源 人類の出アフリカは一度にあらず
2005/12 Updating Human Evolution | Anthropology.net
2005/12 Tree or Trellis. The Loom
人類の三派
2005/12 American Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 128, Issue S41 , Pages 33 - 59
 Haplotype Trees and Modern Human Origins
チャドにヒト化石センター アフリカで4箇所目
2005/10 BBC News Chad celebrates new fossil centre
 Chad is celebrating the opening of its first palaeontology department - only the fourth in Africa - following a discovery which shook up the understanding of human origins.
西バンツー語属の波及とともに狩猟採集民のY遺伝子が置換された経緯ほか
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: The western Bantu expansion
2005/05 Human Genetics  DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-1290-3
The genetic legacy of western Bantu migrations
2005/04 Human Genetics  DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-1266-3
 Genetic evidence in support of a shared Eurasian-North African dairying origin
2005/04 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: The impact of the Bantu in Africa
2005/02 American Journal of Physical Anthropology African ancestry of the population of Buenos Aires
エチオピアのトップアスリートのミトコンドリアDNAを見てみました
2005/02 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog mtDNA of elite Ethiopian athletes
2005/02 Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume 140, Issue 3 , March 2005, Pages 497-503  Mitochondrial DNA lineages of elite Ethiopian athletes

ヨーロッパに昔住んでいた人類たち


欧州人、旧石器時代の住人とつらがまえがよく似ております
 7500年前に農作をもたらした中近東の新石器時代人とはまた違う
 農作民族が侵入して繁栄したのではなく、土着民が農耕文化を吸収したらしい
2005/12 National Geographic European Faces Reflect Stone Age Ancestry, Study Says
 Scientists studied ancient skeletons from Scandinavia to North Africa and Greece, comparing ancient and modern facial features.
 the craniofacial remains of late Stone Age Europeans reflect those of earlier inhabitants who lived 35,000 to 10,000 years ago.
70万年前の石器がイギリスで出たぞ 当時は地続きですごい暖かかったんだ
2005/12 BBC News Tools unlock secrets of early man
 New research shows early humans were living in Britain around 700,000 years ago
2005/12 New Scientist Did humans colonise north Europe earlier than thought?
考古学:北ヨーロッパにおける人類の活動を示す最古の記録
2005/12 Nature The earliest record of human activity in northern Europe
2005/12 Ananova Early man traced to Lowestoft
2005/12 Scientific American News: Stone Tools Push Back Human Occupation of Northern Europe by 200,000 Years
2005/12 EurekAlert Bio-archaeologists pinpoint oldest northern European human activity
2005/12 National Geographic Stone Tools Reveal Humans Lived in Britain 700,000 Years Ago
2005/12 news@nature.com First northern Europeans arrived earlyハ
Stone tools in England push back date of arrival by 200,000 years.
石に刻まれた歴史:アルプス以北の人類活動開始は70万年前
2005/12 【日本語記事】 Nature@日本
「クリスマス」さんの始祖は誰 ブライアン・サイクスの新たなネタ
2005/11 BBC News DNA search for 'father' Christmas
 families with the rare surname of "Christmas" all descend from a single male ancestor.
現代ヨーロッパ人の祖先 The Ancestry of Modern Europeans
2005/11 【日本語記事】 Science日本版
2005/11 news@nature.com Did pioneer farmers fail to spread their seed?ハ
European immigrants may have passed on agricultural skills, but not their genes.
7500年前にヨーロッパに耕作をもたらした民、現在の欧州民にはほとんど血を伝えていない
2005/11 EurekAlert Earliest European farmers left little genetic mark on modern Europe, Science study finds
2005/11 Guardian Prehistoric skull found in dump may be missing ancestor
2005/09 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog  Stability of British height in England since the Neolithic
ヨーロッパ人のDNAが示すボトルネックの痕跡
2005/09 Human Genetics   DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-0056-2
 Genetic variability in a genomic region with long-range linkage disequilibrium reveals traces of a bottleneck in the history of the European population
赤毛の遺伝子とケルトの血筋 耐寒性・耐痛性
2005/09 Scotsman.com  Why the big chill makes redheads blue
 Studies of people who carry the 'Celtic' gene responsible for red hair have shown they are
more sensitive to temperature than the rest of the population. Tests showed they suffer greater
pain when exposed to cold - and heat - than those without the gene
中世イギリスのミトコンドリアDNA
2005/09 Molecular Biology and Evolution.   Tracing the Phylogeography of Human Populations in Britain Based on 4th-11th Century mtDNA Genotypes
ポルトガルのY染色体
2005/09 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Portuguese Y chromosomes
2005/09 Annals of Human Genetics doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00221.x
 Micro-Phylogeographic and Demographic History of Portuguese Male Lineages
2005/08 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Basque Y chromosomes
氷河期以来たいして変わっていないイギリス人
2005/07 National Geographic British Have Changed Little Since Ice Age, Gene Study Says
アゾレス諸島のY染色体とユダヤ起源
2005/04 Human Biology - Volume 77, Number 2, pp. 189-199
Fernando, Olga "Peopling of the Azore Islands (Portugal): Data from the Y Chromosome"
ドイツ人とポーランド人 国境で異なるY染色体
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Strong differentiation between Germans and Poles
ユダヤ人の知能を支える遺伝子はこれだ
2005/06 New York Times Researchers Say Intelligence and Diseases May Be Linked in
Ashkenazic Genes
 unusual pattern of genetic diseases seen among Jews of central or northern European origin, or Ashkenazim, is the result of natural selection for enhanced intellectual ability.
2005/04 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Y chromosomes in Bosnia-Herzegovina
2005/04 Neuroscience Letters Volume 369, Issue 3 , Pages 183-185
 doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2004.05.119  The tau H2 haplotype is almost exclusively Caucasian in origin
2005/01 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog Y-STRs in Europe
 new paper uses short tandem repeat (STR) markers on the human Y-chromosome over a set of 12,700 European individuals.
2005/01 Coll Antropol. 2004 Jun;28(1):193-8.  Frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups in southeastern Europe--Croatians, Bosnians and Herzegovinians, Serbians, Macedonians and Macedonian Romani.

シベリアの人類


バイカル湖周辺の新石器時代ヒトミトコンドリアDNA
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: mtDNA of Neolithic Siberians from Lake Baikal
2005/12 Am J Phys Anthropol  Population affinities of Neolithic Siberians: A snapshot from prehistoric Lake Baikal.

アジアに昔住んでいた人類たち


日本人の及び近隣のモンゴロイドの常染色体分析
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Autosomal analysis of Japanese and neighboring Mongoloids
2005/12 Human Genetics  DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-0106-9
 Phylogenetic relationship of the populations within and around Japan using 105 short tandem repeat polymorphic loci
Shi-Lin Li, Toshimichi Yamamoto, Takashi Yoshimoto, Rieko Uchihi, Masaki Mizutani, Yukihide Kurimoto, Katsushi Tokunaga, Feng Jin, Yoshinao Katsumata and Naruya Saitou
日本人を形成する2つのルーツ 縄文人と弥生人
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Dual origins of the Japanese
2005/12 Journal of Human Genetics   DOI: 10.1007/s10038-005-0322-0
 Dual origins of the Japanese: common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes
2005/11 National Geographic Early Humans Settled India Before Europe, Study Suggests
人類の広がり
 現代人の南アジアへの侵襲が、土着の種族を絶滅させたのか
2005/11 EurekAlert The 'spread of our species'
 Modern humans arrival in South Asia may have led to demise of indigenous populations
2005/10 news@nature.com Y chromosomes reveal founding father
 About 1.5 million men in northern China and Mongolia may be descended from a single man
台湾アタヤル族とアミ族は周囲の民族とは遺伝的特徴が明確に異なる
バリとジャワも縁遠め
2005/10 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Genetics of Austronesian speaking populations
2005/10 Journal of Human Genetics  DOI: 10.1007/s10038-005-0294-0
Genetic characterization of four Austronesian-speaking populations
韓国人のミトコンドリアDNA
2005/09 International Journal of Legal Medicine   DOI: 10.1007/s00414-005-0005-6
 Mitochondrial DNA control region sequences in Koreans: identification of useful variable sites and phylogenetic analysis for mtDNA data quality control
遺伝子で探る日本人の起源 遺伝学者 斎藤 成也氏
2005/09 【日本語記事】こだわりアカデミー
行方知れずの北京原人、新たな手がかり…!?
2005/09 Yahoo  Chinese researchers express new hope of finding missing Peking Man
韓国人、遺伝的に日本人と近い
2005/08 【日本語記事】 中央日報@韓国
インドのカーストとDNAは相関するのか
2005/07 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Diversity of tribal Indians
タイの古代人骨
2005/07 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 25,800-year old Australoid from Thailand
アジアが人類の発祥の地ってありえるの?
2005/07 Boston.com Could Asia have been the cradle of humanity?
インドの特定の血統の完全なmt DNAシーケンスから推論されるM macrohaplogroupの系統発生と古代
2005/04 BMC Evolutionary Biology 2005, 5:26 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-5-26
 Phylogeny and antiquity of M macrohaplogroup inferred from complete mt DNA sequence of Indian specific lineages
中国の人種集団の大部分は「犬-鹿」一族(Quan-Lu Shi)の末裔 〜15,000年前
2005/02 Xinhua News  'Dog-Deer' lan seen as common Chinese ancestor
北京原人は中国人の祖先ではない!? 男性染色体がアフリカ人と特徴一致
2005/01 ▲日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(産経新聞)
中国雲南省の中国科学院昆明動物研究所
東アジア人の起源はアフリカ
東アジア男性のY染色体は、生粋のアフリカ人が有する染色体と特徴が一致。
そのため、中国人の祖先は六万年前にアフリカから移動し、まず中国南部、東南アジア一帯に移り住み北上し、最終的にシベリアまで広がったとしている。
「北京原人の化石が見つかった地層では他の原人などの化石が一切見つかっていないのは、北京原人とその子孫が氷河期に死滅した後、アフリカから現代人の祖先が移住してきたため」(復旦大学・金力教授)などの指摘で優位さを増していた同説に、今回さらに科学的裏付けが加わった

オーストラリア、オセアニア


2万年前の人類の足跡発掘 豪で化石457個
2005/12 【日本語記事】 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
2005/12 Discovery Australia's Earliest Footprints Found
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Y-chromosome diversity in East Asia and Oceania
2005/12 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Differentiation of Indian Proto-Australoids
2005/12 Am J Phys Anthropol  Microsatellite diversity reveals the interplay of language and geography in shaping genetic differentiation of diverse Proto-Australoid populations of west-central India.
3000年前の初期フィジー女性人骨「マナ」
2005/08 The New Zealand Herald Face of ancient ancestors shows Pacific's past
 A three thousand-year-old skeleton nicknamed Mana helped scientists create a representation of an early Pacific Island ancestor.
ラピタ人:南太平洋・島民の先祖、片山一道・京大教授が復元 「マナ」
2005/08 【日本語記事】 毎日新聞
ポリネシア人と原住台湾人の間で確かめられる遺伝子のリンク
2005/07 EurekAlert Genetic link confirmed between Polynesians and indigenous Taiwanese
ポリネシア人の起源はわりと新しめ
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: More on Polynesian Origins
This paper argues that Polynesians may have originated later than previously thought.
2005/06 Human Biology - Volume 77, Number 2, pp. 179-188
Cox, Murray P. "Indonesian Mitochondrial DNA and Its Opposition to a Pleistocene Era
Origin of Proto-Polynesians in Island Southeast Asia"
マオリ人の起源
2005/06 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Origin of Maori and Polynesians
2005/04 Human Biology - Volume 77, Number 2, pp. 157-177
 Whyte, Adele L. H. "Human Evolution in Polynesia"

アメリカ大陸に昔住んでいた人類たち


2005/12 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 10.1073/pnas.0507185102
Cranial morphology of early Americans from Lagoa Santa, Brazil: Implications for the settlement of the New World
コロンブス以前の新大陸ミイラからDNAをとったどー  ミトコンドリアDNAはハプログループB
2005/12 Am J Phys Anthropol.  Molecular characterization of a pre-Columbian mummy and in situ coprolite.
アメリカの先住民はすくなくとも二派から  モンゴロイドの前に、まずオセアニア系ありき
2005/12 National Geographic Americas Settled by Two Groups of Early Humans, Study Says
2005/12 Scientific American  Skulls Suggest Differing Stocks for First Americans
新大陸にいつから人はいたのか
 想定より3万年以上も前の足跡@メキシコ  130万年前からというのは受け入れがたいが
2005/12 National Geographic Fossil "Footprints" Stir Debate About Earliest Americans
2005/11 EurekAlert Texas A&M anthropologist studies ancient human footprints
2005/11 EurekAlert Alleged 40,000-year-old human footprints in Mexico much, much older than thought
130万年前じゃ、そりゃ全然人間(サピエンス)のとはちゃうんちゃう  そばの貝殻は38000年前のだとしても
2005/11 Discovery Ancient American Footprints Disputed
New analysis of markings left in Mexico tens of thousands of years ago suggests they might not be human after all.
2005/12 BBC News Study treads on footprint claim
  1.3 million years ago - more than a million years before modern humans evolved.
最後に新大陸に至った人類の足跡@DNA解析
 ソヒニ・ラマチャンドランRamachandran:脳の学者とはまた別の女史
2005/10 Discovery Out of Africa to the Mideast
 Study: Modern Humans Reached Americas Last
2005/10 National Geographic Early Humans Settled Globe Gradually, Gene Study Says
2005/10 University of Michigan Human genetic diversity supports 'Out of Africa' model
2005/08  SignOnSanDiego Dental DNA reveals our ancient roots
 On Your Knees Cave, a tight opening tucked in the dense hemlocks of Alaska's vast Tongass National Forest
北米の巨大獣を絶滅させたのはやっぱり人類
2005/08 EurekAlert Study shows big game hunters, not climate change, killed off sloths
2005/07 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 10,300-year old Alaskan had mtDNA haplogroup D
アメリカ大陸に人間が踏み込んだのは4万年前?!  メキシコの足跡を年代検証
2005/07 BBC News Footprints of 'first Americans'
 Human settlers made it to the Americas 30,000 years earlier than previously thought
2005/07 New Scientist Footprints rewrite history of first Americans
2005/07 news@nature.com Ancient 'footprints' found in Mexico
2005/07 Independent Walking with ancestors: discovery rewrites American prehistory
2005/05 Science News, Vol. 167, No. 22, p. 339. Founding Families: New World was settled by small tribe
2005/05 news@nature.com Americas had seventy 'founding fathers'
  Gene study counts the first humans to reach the New World.
米大陸最初の父母は70人 遺伝子分析から新説
2005/05 【日本語記事】 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
ブラジルからの頭骨
2005/03 Journal of Human Evolution doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.12.001 A new early Holocene human skeleton from Brazil: implications for the settlement of the New World
2005/01 BBC News DNA bid for US 'founding father'
  Scientists are looking for the DNA match of a Suffolk man who established the first English-speaking colony in America in 1607.
2005/01 National Geographic Photo in the News: America's Lost Founding Father?

past ヒト進化と遺伝子


進化速度が速い種よりも、古代の先祖の特徴をたくさん残している我々の遺伝子
2005/11 EurekAlert The earliest animals had human-like genes
『知覚』遺伝子とヒト進化
 知覚と感受性、そして麻薬依存傾向をつかさどる遺伝子
2005/11 ScienceDaily  'Perception' Gene Tracked Humanity's Evolution, Scientists Say
 A gene thought to influence perception and susceptibility to drug dependence is expressed more readily in human beings than in other primates
知能指数とミトコンドリアDNA
2005/11 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : Mitochondriating your IQ
2005/09 BBC News 'Better' DNA out of fossil bones
2005/09 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog  Mitochondrial DNA adaptations in living human populations
2005/08 Trends in Ecology & Evolution Volume 20, Issue 8 , Pages 457-463   doi:10.1016/j.tree.2005.05.019  Biogeography and evolution of the genus Hom
2005/04 Genetics doi:10.1534/genetics.105.040527
 Accelerated Evolution of the PACAP Precursor Gene During Human Origin
数十万人のDNAから人類の歴史の旅を辿る
2005/04 【日本語記事】 スラッシュドット ジャパン
National GeographicのGenographic Project
2005/04 The Loom Humanity's Map
2005/04 BBC News DNA project to trace human steps
2005/04 New Scientist Gene project will map humans' global spread
Genographic Project
2005/04 EurekAlert The biggest family tree ever
DNAで人類の足取り探れ——世界数十万人からサンプル公募
2005/04 【日本語記事】 ITmediaニュース
2005/04  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Genographic project video presentation
世界最大のヒトDNAデータベース構築計画に批判の声
2005/04 【日本語記事】 ワイアードジャパン
 ジェノグラフィック・プロジェクト
 『バイオ植民地主義に関する先住民族協議会』(IPCB)
2005/04 BioMed Central Phylogeny and antiquity of M macrohaplogroup inferred from complete mt DNA sequence of Indian specific lineages
 The deep roots of M phylogeny clearly establish the antiquity of Indian lineages, especially M2, as compared to Ethiopian M1 lineage and hence, support an Asian origin of M macrohaplogroup.
生殖能力〜寿命に関与するDNA デコード社
2005/01 New York Times Scientists Find DNA Region That Affects Europeans' Fertility
2005/01 The Royal Society Biological Sciences DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.2944
 Are reproductive and somatic senescence coupled in humans? Late, but not early, reproduction correlated with longevity in historical Sami women
2005/01 New York Times Genes Promoting Fertility Are Found in Europeans
2005/01 BioMed・The Scientist Natural selection in humans
 A chromosomal inversion conveys a reproductive advantage in Iceland

past 物議をかもす新発見のヒト祖先化石や遺跡たち


1000万年前の類人猿化石発見 ケニアで下あご部分
2005/11 【日本語記事】 asahi.com
初期ブリトン人とは 4万年前のアゴ骨は祖先かネアンデルタールか
2005/04 BBC News Jawbone hints at earliest Britons
100年前チェコで発見された人骨、ヨーロッパ最古の現世人類と判明
2005/05 EurekAlert Oldest cranial, dental and postcranial fossils of early modern European humans confirmed
考古 : ヨーロッパ最古の現生人類の骨
2005/05 ▲日本語記事 Nature@日本
2005/05 National Geographic Prehistoric Bones Point to First Modern-Human Settlement in Europe
考古:ムラデチで出土した早期上部旧石器時代の人骨の直接的な年代測定
2005/05 Nature Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mladec
「人類最初の顔」公開へ グローバルハウスで
2005/04 【日本語記事】 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
最古のヒトはこんな顔? 700万年前の化石で復元
2005/04 【日本語記事】 asahi.com
700万年前の人類頭部復元に成功、愛知万博で公開
2005/04 【日本語記事】 読売
2005/04 The Loom Flesh on the Bone
トゥーマイ猿人の顔だち:知られるうちで最古の猿人の顔を復元
2005/04 【日本語記事】 Nature@日本
2005/04 BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Chad skull 'leans to human line'
化石: Sahelanthropus tchadensisの頭骨の仮想復元像
2005/04 Nature Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis
2005/04 news@nature.com Facelift seals standing of oldest hominid
 Computer reconstruction and new fossils cement place in history for
トゥーマイはヒトなのかサルなのか
2005/04 Discovery Evidence Grows for Earliest Human
最古の現代人化石だった? 19万5千年前の可能性
2005/02 ▲日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
進化 : エチオピアにいた最古のホモ・サピエンス
2005/02 ▲日本語記事 Nature@日本
2005/02 BBC News Ancient human ages reassessed
 Two skulls are shown to be about 195,000 years old
進化:エチオピアのキビシュで出土した現生人類の層序学的位置づけと年代
2005/02 Nature Stratigraphic placement and age of modern humans from Kibish, Ethiopia
2005/02 Scientific American Fossil Reanalysis Pushes Back Origin of Homo sapiens
2005/02 New York Times Oldest Remains of Human Beings Are Identified
人類の最古の化石:38年前にアフリカで見つかった化石が予想より65,000年より古いと判明
 現代人の夜明は35,000年遡ることに
2005/02 National Geographic Oldest Human Fossils Identified
 Human fossils found 38 years ago in Africa are 65,000 years older than previously thought
 pushing the dawn of "modern" humans back 35,000 years.
2005/02 USA TODAY Rethinking our ancient roots
2005/02 EurekAlert New clues add 40,000 years to age of human species
2005/02 EurekAlert The oldest Homo sapiens
2005/02 news@nature.com Ethiopia is top choice for cradle of Homo sapiens
2005/02 New Scientist Oldest known humans just got older

past 過去人類


ドマニシのさらなるホミニッド骨から見る先史社会
2005/08 The Messenger New Dmanisi skull a sign of community
1800万年前
2005/08 MSNBC Pre-human skull found in Georgian republic
 Homo erectus remains go back 1.8 million years, archaeologists say
二足歩行するルーシーのシミュレーション
2005/07 BBC News Robotics show Lucy walked upright
 "evolutionary robotics" model
2005/07 New Scientist Robotic modelling reveals ancient hominid stride
2005/07 Discovery 'Lucy' Walked Upright Like Humans
最古の二足歩行猿人? 400万年前の化石
2005/03 【日本語記事】 cnn.co.jp
ルーシーとは60km隔てたご近所さん
2005/03 BBC News Scientists unearth early skeleton
2005/03 New Scientist World's oldest biped skeleton unearthed
450万年前のラミダス猿人 9体の前期鮮新世ヒト科化石発見@エチオピアのゴナ地区
URL New Pliocene hominids from Gona, Afar, Ethiopia @Stone Age Institute
2005/01 ▲日本語記事 asahi.com
2005/01 ▲日本語記事 Nature@日本
2005/01 ▲日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(時事通信)
2005/01 Nature Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia
2005/01 BBC News Amazing hominid haul in Ethiopia
2005/01 EurekAlert Anthropologists find 4.5 million-year-old hominid fossils in Ethiopia
2005/01 EurekAlert Really old bones of early humans unearthed in Ethiopia
2005/01 USA TODAY Remains of prehumans could be 4.5M years old
2005/01 National Geographic New Fossils Help Piece Together Human Origins
2005/02 El Defensor Chieftain Tech scientist helps date fossils of early walkers
 Newly discovered fossils from Ethiopia have filled in a gap in our genealogy with 4.5-million-year-old hominids who were among the first of our ancestors to walk upright.

past ネアンデルタール人


進化:シャテルペロン文化標式遺跡の混合層に含まれたネアンデルタール人と初期現生人類の遺物の放射性炭素測定年代
2005/11 Nature Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site
ソニー・ピクチャー・アニメーション、「ネアンデルタール」製作開始
2005/10 The Hollywood Reporter Favreau is 'Neanderthals' man
2005/09 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog  Neandertal teeth: the other shoe
2005/09 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog  Neanderthal teeth growth rate comparable to that of modern humans
2005/09 Discovery Neanderthal, Human Childhoods Similar
2005/09 EurekAlert Neanderthal teeth grew no faster than comparable modern humans'
2005/09 Independent Official: Neanderthal Man was not a hairy oaf but a sensitive kinda guy
ネアンデルタール人と現生人類は欧州で共存と 英科学者ら
2005/09 【日本語記事】 cnn.co.jp
2005/09 Washington Post Were Modern Humans Neighbors to Neanderthals?
ネアンデルタールと共存していたサピエンス
2005/09 Discovery Study: Neanderthals, Humans Existed Together
2005/09 News24 'Tragic end' for Neanderthals
 New evidence has emerged that Neanderthals co-existed with anatomically modern humans for at least a thousand years in central France, a finding that suggests these enigmatic hominids came to a tragic and lingering end.
2005/08 PhysOrg.com Researcher explores Spanish cave to find why early humans replaced Neanderthals in Europe
まわりに小物がふんだんでも大物ばかりねらって食べていたネアンデルタール
2005/08 Discovery Neanderthals Craved Bison, Mammoths
ネアンデルタールな考え方をしてごらん 彼らの痕跡が見えてくるはず
 Wings WorldQuest賞を受賞したスペインの考古学者 アナ・ピント
2005/06 New York Times A Conversation With Ana Pinto
 Sage Advice in Archaeology: Think Like a Neanderthal
うら若きネアンデルタール女性Pierretteさん(20歳)のお写真です
2005/05 Anthropology & Archaeology on Yahoo! News Photos
ハイエナと張り合っていたネアンデルタールたち
2005/05 EurekAlert Neandertal femur suggests competition with hyenas and a shift in landscape use
 Analysis of approximately 41,000-year-old human remains found in France suggests that Neandertals may have become regionally mobile earlier than scientists once thought.
2005/05 Discovery Cave Housed Neanderthals, Humans, Hyenas
2005/05 National Geographic Neandertals, Hyenas Fought for Caves, Food, Study Says
自由貿易がネアンデルタールを駆逐した?
2005/03 Newswise Did Use of Free Trade Cause Neanderthal Extinction?
2005/03 New Scientist Free trade may have finished off Neanderthals
2005/03 Discovery Channel: Neanderthals Sang at High Pitch?
ネアンデルタールの全身骨格を初めて再現
 (一部でネアンデルタール・フランケンシュタインと呼ばれてしまってる)
2005/03 EurekAlert Neanderthal reconstructed
 Anthropologists create first complete, articulated Neanderthal skeleton
2005/03 The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist Neanderthal reconstructed
シャニダール洞窟のネアンデルタール人骨から最古の人類タンパク質を抽出 75,000年前
2005/03 EurekAlert Oldest fossil human protein ever sequenced
血は交わらなかったクロマニヨンとネアンデルタール
2005/03 PLoS Biology Cro-Magnons Conquered Europe, but Left Neanderthals Alone
BBCの特番、「ネアンデルタール人に潜む凍った真実」
2005/02 BBC News The icy truth behind Neanderthals
声量豊かにうららかな美声 ネアンデルタールの声を復元 〜スティーヴン・ミズン
2005/01 Times Online - Sunday Times High notes of the singing Neanderthals
2005/01 Molecular Biology and Evolution, doi:10.1093/molbev/msi094
 Neandertal Evolutionary Genetics; Mitochondrial DNA Data from the Iberian Peninsula
ネアンデルタールというよく似た異質な存在
2005/01 American Scientist Online - Growing up Neandertal  DOI: 10.1511/2004.6.506

past 展示収蔵 データベース

骨の所有権


past ほか


2005/04 Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Abstracts from 74th Meeting of AAPA
 ・ネアンデルタール分類学:歯の形態学
 ・ネアンデルタールは現代人より長生きだったか
 ・常染色体とX染色体の解析結果:東アジア人に200万のBP多形性
 ・サブサハラにはないMtDNA変化:M1は出アフリカ後起源か
 ・遠隔度に依存しないヒト遺伝子の多様性
 ・サハラ以南のヒト系統:遺伝的多様性と拡散・交雑
 ・皮染色を用いた遺伝子座比較:ヨーロッパ人とアジア人
 ・アフリカの人口統計学的淘汰史:広範囲&複数の遺伝マーカーから
 ・アフリカに豊富な対立形質は人類の発祥の地がアフリカだと示しているわけではない
 ・世界規模のXp11.22解析から推論される北アフリカと中東の110万年前の祖先
 ・mtDNA分析から:タンザニアの民とコイサン語族は東アフリカで発祥
炭素年代測定法、2万6000年前までの正確な測定が可能に
2005/03 【日本語記事】 ワイアードジャパン
ドイツ版神の手事件発覚
 フランクフルト大の研究者が骨の年代を詐称していた!
 ネアンデルタールとホモサピエンスは出会っていなかった!
2005/02 Guardian History of modern man unravels as German scholar is exposed as fraud
 Flamboyant anthropologist falsified dating of key discoveries


 以上、 →2005年の記事でした


→ 「ヒトの進化、古人類学 人間の祖先」情報の 年月別目次を表示する










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  • 「遷移」は「せんい」と読みます。移り変わりのことです。

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