ヒト祖先の芸術・技巧、過去の文化:
2003年7〜12月

ほか「ヒト祖先の芸術・技巧、過去の文化」の年月別目次

記事庫の新着・更新情報 
グーグルより上手に英語を無料で日本語訳してくれる『エキサイト翻訳』

考古学ってしんどいな


アトランティス大陸はいつ発見されますか? 尽きない探求者たち
2003/11 New York Times (6) Will We Ever Find Atlantis?
陶器に含まれる獣脂から年代を正確に割り出す
2003/09 EurekAlert  On the antiquity of pots: New method developed for dating archaeological pottery
2003/07 BBC News Satellites could spot ancient remains
2003/07 EurekAlert Satellites hunt for buried treasure
2003/07 New Scientist Satellites hunt for buried treasure

認知考古学


2003/12 Cornell University  DNA analysis for chimpanzees and humans reveals striking differences in genes for smell, metabolism and hearing
2003/08 The Japan Times  Taking shape: Prehistoric art and us
 What prehistoric art and artifacts can tell us about the emergence of modern human behavior

人間がもたらしたもの


過去一万年間、地球温暖化に向け作用してきた人間活動
2003/12 BBC News Humans' 10,000-year warming habit
2003/12 NASA  SCIENTISTS 'RECONSTRUCT' EARTH'S CLIMATE OVER PAST MILLENNIA
2003/12 Nature Science Update Man has been changing climate for 8,000 years
2003/12 New York Times Scientist Links Man to Climate Over the Ages

祖先文化


2003/09 Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol.136(1):35-46.  'Cooking as a biological trait'.
2003/09 BBC News Head lice key to clothing history
人の衣類、起源は7万年前? 寄生シラミをDNA分析
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 asahi.com : サイエンス
服の起源は7万年前 シラミの遺伝子で特定
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
2003/08 Reuters AlertNet  'Lousy' study shows clothing 70,000 years old
2003/08 Nature Science Update Lice genes date first human clothes
2003/08 New York Times Why Humans and Their Fur Parted Ways
2003/08 Washington Post Creative Search For Naked Truth
人間が服を着始めた時、新種のシラミが生まれた  シラミの遺伝子解析による人間の生活習慣の年代決定
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 ネイチャーバイオニュース
2003/09 PRAVDA.Ru Lice Witness Human Evolution


つまようじでシーハー@ヒト祖先
2003/11 EurekAlert Oldest human custom
2003/11 New Scientist Grass stalks fit bill for earliest toothpicks
2003/10 New York Times New Clue on Which Came First, Tools or Better Diets


穴居人の音楽
2003/12 BBC - Radio 4 Musical Cavemen

造形


2003/10 BBC News Ancient carved 'faces' found
 A keen-eyed archaeologist claims to have found some of the oldest artwork ever - carved faces 200,000 years old.
2003/09 Nature Science Update  Lion man, uncovered in a cave in southwestern Germany, takes pride of place as oldest statue 30,000-year-old carving might be work of Neanderthals or modern humans.

技術


2003/10 New Scientist Cattle ownership makes it a man's world
 Early female-dominated societies lost their power to men as they acquired cattle
古代国家に巨大建造物が登場する必然性 ピラミッド建造は宣伝のためだった 〜ジャレド・ダイヤモンド
2003/08 Nature 424, 891- 893 Archaeology: Propaganda of the pyramids  Jared Diamond

食人習俗


現代のタブー 食人裁判@ドイツと人類史上の食人習慣
2003/12 BBC News Cannibalism: A modern taboo




オセアニア


2003/08 New York Times Where Wombats Roved, and Aborigines Sketched
火を用いたヒト祖先の影響で絶滅した大型動物たち@オーストラリア
2003/08 New Scientist Big beast extinction blamed on prehistoric fire starters
 Prehistoric fire starters may have unwittingly killed off the big beasts that once roamed Australia.
2003/08 New York Times On Oahu, the High Cost of an Archaeological Find
 two dozen previously unknown cultural sites here that experts say
will add to the knowledge of Hawaiian life in the centuries before Europeans arrived
4000年前のアボリジナル・ロックアート
2003/07 Telegraph Cave that time forgot
2003/07 Guardian Aboriginal cave paintings date back 4,000 years
2003/07 New Scientist Cave reveals 4000 years of Aboriginal art
2003/07 The Sydney Morning Herald  Rock art find makes Stonehenge seem recent
2003/07 The Australian Art found in place that time forgot

アジア〜インド

中国


兵馬俑の戦い
2003/12 BBC News New battle over terracotta warriors
 Three Chinese villagers are fighting to be recognised as the discoverers of the famed terracotta warriors, one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century.
兵馬俑
2003/11 Nature Science Update Terracotta Army saved from crack up
 Plastic solution and particle accelerator revive faded Chinese figures.
<石棺>金王朝初代皇帝の陵墓で発見 中国・北京
2003/09 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(毎日新聞)

韓国


写真考古学
2003/12 ▼日本語記事 中央日報@韓国
世界最古のお米発見@韓国
2003/10 BBC News World's 'oldest' rice found
 Scientists have found the oldest known domesticated rice. The handful of 15,000-year-old burnt grains was discovered by archaeologists in Korea.

インド


2003/07 BBC News More time for Ayodhya dig
 Archaeologists in the northern Indian town of Ayodhya have been given more time to report on one of the country's most contentious religious disputes.

中近東〜中央アジア


人類の象徴思考の萌芽 染色骨発掘@10万年前洞窟イスラエル
2003/12 BBC News Cave colours reveal mental leap
グルジア
2003/10 Scientific American Stranger in a New Land
 Stunning finds in the Republic of Georgia upend long-standing ideas about the first hominids to journey out of Africa
考古学:エルサレムのシロアム地下水路の放射年代測定
2003/09 Nature 425, 169 - 171 Radiometric dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem
2003/09 BBC News Scientists back biblical tunnel
2003/09 National Geographic Jerusalem Tunnel Linked to Bible
2003/09 EurekAlert Dating of King Hezekiah's Tunnel verified by scientists
2003/09 Los Angeles Times Tunnel's Age Tied to Biblical Account
2003/09 Nature Science Update Radio-dating backs up biblical text
 Siloam Tunnel located and dated to 700 BC.
2003/09 New Scientist Radio-dating authenticates Biblical tunnel
2003/09 Washington Post Scientists Confirm Ancient Date of Jerusalem Conduit

エジプト文明


2003/09 Los Angeles Times Big Daddy of the Mummies
 Zahi Hawass is bent on returning control of Egypt's treasures to Egypt. He's passionate, belligerent and forever camera-ready.

ミイラ


ファラオの遺体を保護しているタールの成分分析
2003/10 Nature 425, 784 Ancient materials: Analysis of a pharaonic embalming tar
2003/09 EurekAlert This mummy has four feet, few bones and a new home
ネフェルティティ王妃とされるミイラ、男性の可能性も
2003/09 ▼日本語記事 cnn.co.jp
ネフェルティティ  よみがえった伝説のエジプト王妃、ミイラから顔を復元
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 asahi.com : サイエンス
2003/08 Ananova Face of Nefertiti 'recreated'

基督系


2003/07 Guardian DNA used in attempt to solve Christian mystery
 Genetic fingerprinting might soon clear up an ancient Christian mystery - the origins of medieval parchments and even the Canterbury Gospels, thought to have arrived in Britain in 579AD.

ヨーロッパ


3万年前のマンモス象牙彫像3体@ホーレフェルス洞穴・ドイツ 世界最古
2003/12 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(毎日新聞)
2003/12 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
古代の芸術
2003/12 Nature 426, 774- 775 Archaeology: Art of the ancients
ドイツ南西部で出土した旧石器時代の象牙彫刻と具象芸術の起源
2003/12 Nature 426, 830 - 832  Palaeolithic ivory sculptures from southwestern Germany and the origins of figurative art
2003/12 BBC News Ivory bird displays ancient skill
2003/12 PRAVDA.Ru How old is symbolic thinking?
2003/12 Independent Tiny sculptures are oldest artworks in world
2003/12 National Geographic  Ancient Figurines Found - From First Modern Humans?
2003/12 Ananova Early man's carvings found in Germany
2003/12 Nature Science Update Oldest sculptures unearthed
 Carvings show early Europeans' prodigious skill.
2003/12 New Scientist Carvings reveal early European's artistic skill
2003/12 New York Times Figurines Found in German Cave Are Among Earliest Artwork

ギリシャ


2003/09 National Geographic Antiquities Exhibit Explores Childhood in Ancient Greece
2003/09 BBC News Greeks 'borrowed Egyptian numbers'
2003/07 Ananova Eight thousand years of history beneath Terminal 5

ローマ時代


人種差別からは縁遠かったローマ時代人
2003/10 Discovery Exhibit: Romans Weren't Color Prejudiced
2003/10 Discovery Older Layers Of Pompeii Unearthed
サンダルに靴下? センス疑われる古代ローマ人
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 cnn.co.jp
2003/08 BBC News Romans' crimes of fashion revealed
2003/08 Ananova Archaeologists unearth evidence of Roman sock crime
ロバの乳のクリームなどローマ時代の化粧品「現代に劣らず」
2003/08 ▼日本語記事 中央日報@韓国
2003/08 The Christian Science Monitor  An ancient find, a modern quest - beauty in a jar
2003/08 Ananova Caligula 'thought he was a god'
2000年前の化粧品? 英遺跡でローマ製ケース入りのクリーム発掘
2003/07 cnn.co.jp
2003/07 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
2003/07 BBC News Capsule reveals cream of Roman society
2003/07 Ananova Mystery capsule reveals 2,000-year-old Roman ointment
2003/07 Guardian 2,000-year-old pot opened
2003/07 New Scientist Ancient Roman cosmetic cream unearthed
2003/07 The Globe and Mail Roman-era cold cream found buried in London
2003/07 Nature Science Update Fish fossils reveal Roman trade routes
 Genetics shows ancient Anatolians imported Egyptian catfish.

イギリス


古代ケルト ローマ軍がやってくる前  フランス南部で発掘された石像@2500年前
2003/12 BBC News Stone warrior delights experts
紀元前500年のチャリオット@ウェスト・ヨークシャー
2003/12 BBC News Workers unearth ancient chariot
2003/12 Guardian Chariot and skeleton crew found on motorway
2003/12 Independent Online Rare burial chariot discovered in England
ウィルトシャーのストーン・サークルでさらなる巨石を発掘
2003/12 Ananova Buried megaliths discovered at stone circle site
2003/11 Ananova  A court has declared a priceless 4,000-year-old Welsh gold sun-disc as treasure.
2003/10 New Scientist Lasers reveal invisible Stonehenge carvings
2003/10 BBC News Lasers uncover Stonehenge secrets
 High-tech lasers uncovered two carvings which are invisible to the naked eye.
2003/10 Washington Times Rock carvings baffle experts
 There's a mystery afoot in northern England: rock carvings that no one can quite decipher.
2003/10 EurekAlert Mysterious rock markings discovery baffles archaeologists
2003/10 New Scientist Weird rock carvings puzzle archaeologists
2003/10 BBC News New road reveals Stone Age site
 Harnham, near Salisbury in Wiltshire, including 44 'very rare' flint hand axes
2003/10 Discovery Remains Of Xena-Like Woman Found
 buried with a shield and knife, were recently discovered in an Anglo-Saxon cemetery in Lincolnshire, England.
2003/09 BBC News Earliest British cemetery dated
 The site at Aveline's Hole, near Burrington Combe, roughly 10,200 and 10,400 years old.
考古学:新石器時代に変化した食事内容  農牧で減った魚食@英国
2003/09 Nature 425, 366 Archaeology: Sharp shift in diet at onset of Neolithic
2003/09 National Geographic Why Did Ancient Britons Stop Eating Fish?
2003/09 The Globe and Mail  Big meat eaters
2003/08 Ananova  An ancient stone circle which has lain buried for more than 3,000 years has been found on a remote Scottish island.
2003/08 Ananova Ancient Celtic spoon is 2,000-year-old
2003/07 BBC News Museum planned for prehistoric cave art
 The earliest-known example of prehistoric cave art in Britain could get a new 」4.5m museum.
ストーンヘンジって女性器?
2003/07 Yahoo! News Stonehenge Depicts Female Genitalia, Researchers Say
英ストーンヘンジは「女性のシンボル」?
2003/07 cnn.co.jp

ネアンデルタール


ネアンデルタールによる彫刻作品@ロアール・フランス  35000年前 抽象思考の発露か
2003/12 BBC News Neanderthal 'face' found in Loire

アフリカ


世界最古の「台所」@2500万年前エチオピア
2003/11 Discovery World's Oldest Kitchen Identified
人類最古、260万年前の石器=エチオピアで国際調査団発見
2003/10 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(時事通信)
2003/10 zwire.com  Discovery in Ethiopia sheds new light on history of man
 the earliest evidence that tools were used to butcher animals 2.3 million years before the first modern humans appeared on earth.
2000年前に人間が入り込み大型獣が死に絶えていったマダガスカル
2003/09 New Scientist Fossil fungus reveals human invasion
2003/09 Environmental News Network  Ancient spores finger humans in Madagascar extinctions and other stories

中南米


2003/11 New York Times Experts Reveal Riches of Machu Picchu's Neglected Neighbor
古代メキシコ人が品種改良した4400年前のトウモロコシをめぐる論争
2003/11 ▼日本語記事 ワイアードジャパン
トウモロコシ、4千年以上前から品種改良 DNAで判明 〜マックスプランク研究所
2003/11 ▼日本語記事 asahi.com : サイエンス
2003/11 Ananova Farmers genetically modified corn 4,000 years ago
2003/10 EurekAlert  Prehistoric footpaths in Costa Rica indicate intimate ties with vilages, cemeteries
2003/09 EurekAlert Early Andean cultures part of intensive silver industry
アマゾンに大規模な遺構 コロンブス以前に橋や広場
2003/09 ▼日本語記事 ヤフージャパン(共同通信)
2003/09 Nature Science Update Amazon was settled before Columbus' time
 Excavations and maps confirm forest housed advanced society.
2003/09 Discovery Study: Wars Evolved From Village Life
2003/09 Los Angeles Times With Cities, Warfare Came to Mexico
 Shortly after native Zapotecs began building villages circa 1500 BC, it became worth their effort to defend them, archeologists report
2003/09 New Scientist Early villages hold the key to war
2003/08 EurekAlert  Field Museum archaeologists discover tomb under Zapotec residential complex in Oaxaca, Mexico

北米


2003/09 EurekAlert Archaeological find provides insight into northeast 9,000 years ago
 the first Late Paleoindian site (10,000-9,000 B.P.) in the state--and one of very few known to exist in the eastern United States.

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